1908

From Advocatespedia, The Law Encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

Legal News

January 1- The 1st time-ball signifying new year was dropped at Times Square, NYC.

1908
AuthorAnisha Saksena
ASSN37922
Published on18 July 2019
Co-Assn49374
EditorAnisha Saksena
Last Updates20/05/2019

January 9- Frans Schollaert became the Prime Minister of Belgium.

January 9- Italians reported that Somaliland was under siege by the Abyssinians.

January 9- Muir Woods National Monument, California, was established and was declared a national monument by President Theodore Roosevelt.

January 11- The Grand Canyon National Monument was created with a proclamation by President Theodore Roosevelt. It became a national park in 1919.

January 12- A long-distance radio message was sent from the Eiffel Tower for the first time.

January 13- Henri Farman became the first person to fly an observed circuit of more than 1km, winning the Grand Prix d'Aviation.

January 16- Theodore Roosevelt created Pinnacles National Monument in California. The area was expanded in 2000 for the 7th time and covered 24,000 acres in San Benito and Monterey counties.

January 24- Lieutenant General Robert Baden-Powell published "Scouting for Boys" as a manual for self-instruction in outdoor skills and self-improvement. The book became the inspiration for the Scout Movement.

Law amendments

January 21- New York City's Board of Aldermen passed an ordinance that effectively prohibited women from smoking in public. Two weeks later the measure was vetoed by Mayor George B. McClellan Jr.

Land mark judgements

January 4- Raja Rai Bhagwat Dayal Singh vs Debi Dayal Sahu ((1908) 10 BOMLR 230)

January 16- Collector Of Belgaum vs Bhimrao V. Patel ((1908) 10 BOMLR 657)

January 27- Adair v. United States (208 U.S. 161.)

January 28- Shamu Patter vs Abdul Kadir Ravuthan And Ors. ((1908) 18 MLJ 219)

Birthday

January 18- Albert Paul Morano, a Republican who represented the Fourth Congressional District of Connecticut from 1951 to 1959; a member of Greenwich Board of Tax Review 1933-1935; chairman of Chickahominy Town Meeting District 1935-1937; secretary to Representative Albert E. Austin in 1939 and 1940, was born in Paterson, Passaic County, New Jersey.

January 18- Princess Sibylla of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, was born at Schloss Friedenstein in Gotha in the Duchy of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, now in Germany. Sibylla was the second of the five children of Charles Edward, Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha and Princess Victoria Adelaide of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg.

Deathday/Demise

January 17- Ferdinand IV SMJJBFLGRRJ, ruler of Toscane, dies at 72.

January 25- Mikhail Chigorin, leading Russian chess player.

Anniversary

January 2- 90th Anniversary of The British Institution of Civil Engineers (founded on 2nd Jan 1818).

January 4- 24th Anniversary of The Fabian Society, British (founded in London on 4th Jan 1884).

January 25- Golden jubilee of Queen Victoria's daughter, Victoria, and Frederick William of Prussia's marriage. (25th Jan 1858)

January 25- Golden jubilee of The Wedding March by Felix Mendelssohn which became a popular wedding recessional after it is played on 25th Jan 1858 at the marriage of Queen Victoria's daughter, Victoria, and Frederick William of Prussia.

January 26- 20th Anniversary of The Lawn Tennis Association (founded in 26th Jan 1888).

Legal News

February 3- Panathinaikos in Athens, Greece was founded.

February 11- Heemskerk's government began in Holland.

February 12- The first round-the-world automobile race began in New York City. It ended in Paris in July with winners Montague Roberts and George Schuster who drove the American car, Thomas Speedway Flyer made by the E.R. Thomas Motor Co. of Buffalo, NY.

February 14- Russia and Britain threatened action in Macedonia if peace was not reached soon.

February 18- First US postage stamps in rolls were issued.

February 18- The American ambassador to Japan is given a note by the Japanese in which they agree to restrict Japanese emigration to the US; this became to be known as the 'Gentlemen's Agreement'.

February 25- First tunnel under Hudson River (railway tunnel) was opened.

February 27- Sacrifice fly rule was adopted for Major League Baseball (repealed in 1931, reinstated 1954).

Law amendments

February 18- Gentlemen’s Agreement, 1908 (Hayashi-Lemieux Agreement)

In February, Iranian Press Law approved by National Assembly (Majlis Shoraye Melli) which was based on the July 29, 1881, French Press Law.

Land mark judgements

February 3- Loewe v. Lawlor (208 U.S. 274), popularly known as Danbury Hatters' Case.

February 3- Durbar Khachar Odha Ala vs Khachar Harsur Oghad ( (1908) 10 BOMLR 297)

February 17- Kommineni Appayya vs Mangala Rangayya And Ors. ( (1908) 18 MLJ 229)

February 24- Muller v Oregon (208 U.S. 412)

February 26- Balwant R. Natu vs Secretary Of State ( (1908) 10 BOMLR 531)

Birthday

February 6- Amintore Fanfani, Prime Minister of Italy who served as Italy's Prime Minister six times and a former head of UN General Assembly, was born in Pieve Santo Stefano, Italy.

February 22- Romulo Betan Court two times President of Venezuela (1945-48; 1959-64) was born in Guatire Miranda, Venezuela.

February 23- William McMahon, PM of Australia (Liberal) (1971-72) was born in Sydney.

Deathday/Demise

February 1- Carlos I, King of Portugal and Algarves (1889-1908), was assassinated by Republican sympathizers.

February 10- Mustafa Kamil Pasha, an Egyptian lawyer, journalist, Nationalist and founder of Egyptian National Party, died in Cairo.

February 28- Pat Gerrett, an American Old West lawman, bartender, and customs agent who was most known for killing Billy the Kid. He was shot dead in Las Cruces, New Mexico, United States.

February 29- John Hope, 1st Marquess of Linlithgow, first Governor-General of Australia (as Lord Hopetoun) (1901-1902) and Governor of Victoria (1889-1895), died in Pau, France.

Anniversary

February 5- 8th significant anniversary of the Panama Canal treaty signed by The United States and the United Kingdom on 5th Feb, 1900.

February 7- 1st anniversary of The Mud March, first large procession organized by the National Union of Women's Suffrage Societies (NUWSS) on 7th Feb, 1907.

February 10- 2nd year to the launch of HMS Dreadnought (launched on 10th Feb, 1906).

February 11- 82nd anniversary of University College London founded under the name University of London on 11th Feb, 1826.

February 27- 8th anniversary of The British Labour Party founded on 27th Feb, 1900.

Legal News

March 2- An International conference on arms reduction was opened in London.

March 5- The party of Douglas Mawson, Edgeworth David, and Alistair Mackay made the first ascent of the 3,794-meter Mount Erebus, the most active volcano in Antarctica.

March 7- Cincinnati Mayor Mark Breith stood before city council and announced that, "women are not physically fit to operate automobiles".

March 9- Italian football club Inter Milan was founded as the Foot-Ball Club Internazionale.

March 12- The Pan-Macedonian group was formed in Athens to support the Greek Struggle for Macedonia.

March 12- The Aerial Experiment Association (AEA) launched their new airplane, called Red Wing, from a frozen lake near Hammondsport, NY. Pilot F.W. Baldwin rose 20 feet and flew 319 feet before crashing. Newspapers hailed the test as the “first public flight" in the US.

March 18-19- First meeting of the All India Muslim League was held at Aligarh.

March 28- Automobile owners lobbied Congress, supporting a bill that called for vehicle licensing and federal registration.

Law amendments

March 4- The New York board of education banned the act of whipping students in school.

March 8- The House of Commons, London, turned down the women’s suffrage bill.

March 19- Maryland banned Christian Scientists from practicing medicine unless they had a medical diploma.

March 21- THE CODE OF CIVIL PROCEDURE, 1908 amending the laws relating to the procedure of the Courts of Civil Judicature.

Land mark judgements

March 3- Thenappa Chettiar And Anr. vs Marimuthu Nadan And Ors. ((1908) 18 MLJ 344)

March 10- Yakub Ebrahim Sayani vs Bat Rahimatbai ((1908) 10 BOMLR 346)

March 12- Naik vs Kamti Naik And Ors. ((1908) 18 MLJ 309)

March 18- T.P. Petherpermal Chetty vs R. Muniandy Servai ( (1908) 10 BOMLR 590)

March 23- Ex Parte Young, 209 U.S. 123 (1908)

Birthday

March 2- Fyodor Matveyevitch Okhlopkov, one of the greatest Soviet Snipers born in the remote village of Krest-Khaldzhay of what is now Tomponskiy Ulus of the Sakha Republic. In October 1942 he became a sniper and officially credited 429 kills. Okhlopkov is regarded as the 7th greatest sniper of all WWII.

March 12- David Saul Marshall, diplomat lawyer/politician who served as Singapore's first Chief Minister from 1955-1956.

March 16- Jacques Bingen is a prominent figure of the French Resistance, a member of Free France since 1940 and then delegate of General de Gaulle to the Resistance during World War 2 who, when captured by the Gestapo, chose to commit suicide rather than risk divulging what he knew under torture. He was born in Paris.

March 25- Henri Rochereau, Member of the Group of Republicans and Independents and former senator of the 5th Republic, was born in Chantonnay (Vendée).

Deathday/Demise

March 11- Revd Benjamin Waugh, Victorian Social Reformer and founder of National Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Children (NSPCC), died in Southend-on-sea, England.

March 25- Durham Stevens, American diplomat, killed in San Francisco, California by Korean American assassins. He was described as the first victim of Korean terrorism.

Anniversary

March 3- 51 years to The Second Opium War: France and the United Kingdom declared war on China on 3rd Mar 1857.

March 9- 69th anniversary of The Anti-Corn Law League organised on 9th Mar 1839.

March 22- 20th anniversary of The Football League, the world's oldest professional Association Football league, founded in England on 22nd Mar 1888.

March 27- 54 years to the Crimean War: The United Kingdom declared war on Russia on 27th Mar 1854.

March 27- 1st anniversary of The Marylebone station on the London Underground's Bakerloo Line (opened on 27th Mar, 1907).

Legal News

April 1- The Territorial Force (renamed Territorial Army in 1920) was formed as a volunteer reserve component of the British Army.

April 5- British Prime Minister Henry Campbell-Bannerman resigned.

April 8- H. H. Asquith succeeded Henry Campbell-Bannerman as British Prime Minister.

April 16- Natural Bridges National Monument (Lake Powell, Utah) was established and was declared a National Monument by President Theodore Roosevelt.

April 23- A Declaration by Great Britain, France, and Sweden declared the termination of the treaty of 1855 concerning the integrity of Sweden and Norway. In place of it, a Declaration was signed by Germany, Denmark, Russia and Sweden in which each agreed to preserve the territorial Status Quo in the regions bordering on the Baltic and another Declaration was signed at Brussels by the government of Great Britain, Denmark, France, Germany, the Netherlands and Sweden performing the same function for the territories bordering on the North Sea.

April 27- 4th Summer Olympic games were opened in London.

Law amendments

April 22- Federal Employers' Liability Act, 1908

Land mark judgements

April 3- Ram Bilas And Anr. vs Lal Bahadur And Ors. ((1908) ILR 30 All 311)

April 3- Rukhanbai vs Adamji Shaik Rajbhai ((1908) 10 BOMLR 366)

April 7- Cangayam Venkataramana Iyer vs Henry James Colly Gompertz And ...((1908) 18 MLJ 298)

Birthday

April 5- Babu Jagjivan Ram, 4th Deputy Prime Minister of India(1977-1979), was born in Chandwa, Bhojpur, Bihar, British India.

April 11- Masaru Ibuka, Japanese electronics industrialist and co-founder of Sony Corp., was born in Nikkō City, Tochigi Prefecture, Japan.

April 12- Carlos Lleras Restrepo, President of Colombia (1966-70), was born in Bogotá, Colombia.

April 12- Robert Lee Scott, Jr., Brigadier General US Army Air Force and ace fighter pilot with Flying Tigers during World War 2 , was born in Macon, Georgia.

April 25- Edward R. Murrow, war correspondent and newscaster, was born. During World War II broadcast journalist Edward R. Murrow became known for opening his radio reports from London with the ominous-sounding "This is London." He later turned to television, becoming the host of a celebrity interview show called Person to Person, and was named head of the U.S. Information Agency in 1961.

April 30- Bjarni Benediktsson, Prime Minister of Iceland (1963-70) and 2nd Vice President of the Unified Parliament (1942-43), was born in Reykjavík, Iceland.

Deathday/Demise

April 22- Sir Henry Campbell-Bannerman, former Prime Minister of United Kingdom (Liberal: 1905-08), died in London, England.

April 22- Ellison Capers, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army) and former Secretary of State for South Carolina, died in Columbia, South Carolina.

April 28- Belle Sorenson Gunness, a Norwegian-American serial killer.

Anniversary

April 25- Ruby jubilee of HMS Repulse, the last wooden battleship constructed for the Royal Navy, launched as an ironclad (with auxiliary steam propulsion) at Woolwich Dockyard on 25th Apr 1868.

Legal News

May 9- Dirk Fock became the Governor of Suriname.

May 10- 1st Mother's Day was observed in Philadelphia.

May 15- Reich Association Law came into force.

May 24- Partial general elections were held in Belgium and the result was a victory for the Catholic Party.

May 26- At Masjed Soleyman in southwest Persia, the first major commercial oil strike in the Middle East was made, rights acquired by the United Kingdom.

May 27- Maulana Hakeem Noor-ud-Din was elected as the first Khalifa of Ahmadiyya Muslim Community.

May 30- 1st federal workmen's compensation law was approved.

May 30- The Aldrich–Vreeland Act was passed in response to the Banker's panic of 1907 and established the National Monetary Commission, which recommended the Federal Reserve Act of 1913.

May 30- The Secretary of the Treasury was authorized and ordered to establish an assay office of the United States at Salt Lake City, in the State of Utah and the said assay office was to be conducted under the provisions of the Act entitled "An Act revising and amending the laws relating to the mints and assay offices and the coinage of the United States".

Law amendments

May 27- Restrictions Removal Act (Oklahoma), 1908

May 30- Federal Employees' Compensation Act (1908)

May 30- Explosives Transportation Act of 1908

May 30- Aldrich–Vreeland Act, 1908

Land mark judgements

May 7- Subramanian Chetty, Minor By ... vs Veerabhadran Chetty And Ors. ((1908) 18 MLJ 452)

May 14- Jagardeo Singh vs Phuljhari And Anr. ((1908) ILR 30 All 375)

May 18- Fazl-Ur-Rahman And Ors. vs Shah Muhammad Khan And Ors. ((1908) ILR 30 All 385)

May 21- Kallu And Anr. vs Faiyaz Ali Khan And Ors. ( (1908) ILR 30 All 394)

May 27- Robert Skinner vs Shanker Lal (1 Ind Cas 556)

Birthday

May 10- Carl Bert Albert, American politician who served as a representative from Oklahoma (1947–77) in the U.S. House of Representatives and as speaker of the House (1971–77),was born in McAlester, Oklahoma, U.S. Because of his short stature (5 feet 4 inches [1.62 metres]) and the area of Oklahoma he represented, he was nicknamed the “Little Giant from Little Dixie.”

May 10- Henry Diamond, Irish Nationalist MP was born in Belfast, Northern Ireland.

May 16- Mohammed Roem, Indonesian foreign minister was born in Central Java, Indonesia.

May 26- Nguyen Ngoc Tho, 1st Prime Minister of South Vietnam (1963-64) was born in the province of Long Xuyen, Mekong Delta.

Deathday/Demise

May 26- Mirza Ghulam Ahmad, Indies theologist (Ahmadiyya motion) and the founder of the Ahmadiyya Movement in Islam, died at 69.

Anniversary

May 1- 68th anniversary of The Penny Black, the first official adhesive postage stamp, issued in the United Kingdom on 1st May 1840.

May 10- 84th anniversary of the National Gallery in London. (10th May 1824)

May 14- 23rd anniversary of the Children's Charity National Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Children in London. (14th May 1884)

May 15- Golden Jubilee of the Present Royal Opera House in Covent Garden, London. (15th May 1858)

Legal News

June 9- King Edward VII became the first ever British monarch to visit Russia.

June 14- Fourth German Navy Bill was passed authorizing the financing of the building of another four major warships.

June 15- Meeting was held between King Edward VII of Great Britain and Tsar Nicholas II at Reval, Russia, where the two discussed the growing power of Germany and British plans for reform in Macedonia.

June 15- World congress for Women's rights was opened in Amsterdam.

June 16- President Theodore Roosevelt declined to run for reelection and picked William Howard Taft as his successor to carry forward their reform agenda.

June 18- The first Japanese immigrants (781 people) arrived in Santos aboard the Kasato-Maru ship. A new era started for Brazilian culture and ethnicity.

June 23- The USA temporarily suspended diplomatic relationships with Venezuela after the refusal of Cipriano Castro's government to compensate Americans for injuries suffered in the uprising of 1899.

Law amendments

June 10- The Invalid and Old Age Pensions Act passed by the Australian Parliament providing for pensions for British subjects (excluding aborigines) at age 65.

June 14- Fourth German Navy Bill, 1908

Land mark judgements

June 2- The Bank Of Bombay vs Sulleman Somji ((1908) 10 BOMLR 636)

June 4- Devinder Kumar And Anr. vs Syndicate Bank And Ors. (1996 86 CompCas 267 P H, (1994) 106 PLR 1)

June 25- Datto Govind Kulkarni vs Pandurang Vinayak ((1908) 10 BOMLR 692)

Birthday

June 5- Sir Jack Jacob, British senior master (British Supreme Court) and England's leading proceduralist, was born in Shanghai.

June 12- Ronald W.V Selby Wright, Best known Scottish Church of Scotland minister, was born in Glasgow, Scotland.

June 17- Colonel Alfredo Enrique Peralta Azurdia, President of Guatemala (1963-66), was born in Guatemala City.

June 18- Stanley Howard Knowles, Best known and Respected Canada's Opposition MP's and an Icon of the Canadian Politics.

June 19- Quentin N Burdick, a lawyer, a Representative and a US Senator from North Dakota; was born in Munich, Cavalier County, North Dakota. His critics nicknamed him the King of Pork.

June 28- James L. Reinsch, an American broadcasting executive and presidential media adviser (Roosevelt, Truman and Kennedy) who also advised Winston Churchill on his 1946 "Iron Curtain" speech, was born in Streator, Illinois.

Deathday/Demise

June 2- General Sir Redvers Buller, English general and recipient of the Victoria Cross, died at the age of 68.

June 14- Frederick Arthur Stanley, Governor-general of Canada (1888-1893) and 16th Earl of Derby, died in Holwood Park, Keston, Kent, England.

June 24-Grover Cleveland, 22nd & 24th US President (1885-89; 93-97), died in Princeton, Mercer County, New Jersey, United States. Grover Cleveland was the only president to be elected for two non-consecutive terms.

Anniversary

June 2- Ruby jubilee of the Trades Union Congress held in Manchester. (2nd June 1868)

June 22- Holy Trinity Church, Riverton celebrated its Jubilee by holding special services and social engagements, which were largely attended.

June 28- Platinum Jubilee of the Coronation of Victoria of the United Kingdom. (28th June 1838)

Legal News

July 1- "SOS" distress signal became the worldwide standard for help, having first been adopted by the German government three years earlier.

July 3- Indian nationalist Bal Gangadhar Tilak arrested for sedition by the British in wake of Muzzafarpur bombing.

July 4- U.S. flag grew to 46 stars with the addition to the Union of Oklahoma (November 16, 1907). Theodore Roosevelt (1901-1909) and William H. Taft (1909-1913) served as President under the 46 star flag. This was the official flag for 4 years.

July 6- Proclamation of Young Turk revolution.

July 7 - 10- The Democratic convention of 1908 was held in Denver. This was the first convention held by a major party in a Western state and the first national political convention to accredit women, with five women credentialed as delegates or alternate delegates. For a third time, the Democrats turned to William Jennings Bryan as their nominee.

July 9- De Savornin Lohman founded a very conservative political party, Christelijk- Historische Unie (CHU, Christian Historical Union).

July 22- Niazi Bey, a chief organizer of the revolutionary movement in Turkey, raised the standard of revolt at Resna, Macedonia.

July 24- Young Turk victory.

Law amendments

July 24- Restoration of the Constitution of Ottoman Empire.

Land mark judgements

July 1- Sankaralinga Nadan vs Raja Rajeswara Dorai ((1908) 10 BOMLR 781)

July 13- Khudiram Bose vs Emperor (3 Ind Cas 625)

July 17- Atar Singh vs Thakar Singh ((1908) 10 BOMLR 790)

July 22- The Official Assignee Of Madras vs G. Smith (1 Ind Cas 712)

July 22- Emperor vs Bal Gangadhar Tilak ( (1908) 10 BOMLR 848)

Birthday

July 2- Thurgood Marshall, 1st African-American Supreme Court Justice (1967-91), was born in Baltimore, Maryland.

July 8- Nelson Rockefeller, Vice President of United States: 1974-1977 and Governor of New York: 1959-73, was born in Bar Harbor, Maine, US.

July 9- Rasheed Turabi, Islamic scholar, religious leader, public speaker, poet and philosopher, was born in Hyderabad, India.

July 26- Salvador Allende Gossens, First Socialist President of Chile (1970-73) and the 1st Marxist to become president of a Latin American country through an open election, was born in Valparaíso, Chile.

Deathday/Demise

July 20- Demetrius Vikelas, First President of the International Olympic Committee.

July 22- William Randal Cremer, Co-founder of the Inter-Parliamentary Union with Frédéric Passy (France) and Nobel Peace Prize Winner.

Anniversary

July 2- 43rd anniversary of the Christian Mission, later renamed The Salvation Army, founded in Whitechapel, London by William and Catherine Booth. (2nd Jul 1865)

July 3- The City of Quebec, Canada, celebrated the 300th anniversary of its founding.

July 4- The birth of the United States on July 4, 1776.

Legal News

August 7- The first train to travel the length of New Zealand's North Island 'main trunk line', left Wellington.

August 11- King Edward VII of Britain met Emperor Wilhelm of Friedrichshof, Germany; the main point of contention is the increasing size of Germany's navy.

August 13- King Edward VII of Great Britain met Emperor Franz Joseph of Austria at Ischl; the King tried to persuade the Emperor to advise Germany against aggressive (anti-British) policies.

August 16- Government of Kamil Pasa issued a detailed program promising financial reforms, reorganization of the administration and armed forces, and an effort to balance the budget.

August 20- Congo Free State became Belgian Congo.

August 25- National Association of Colored Nurses was formed.

Law amendments

August 4- Civil Service Act, 1908 enacted by the General Assembly of New Zealand in Parliament.

August 7- INDIAN LIMITATION ACT, 1908

Land mark judgements

August 10- Emperor vs Bhagwan Din And Anr. ((1908) ILR 30 All 568)

August 13- Akbar Khan And Anr. vs Turaban (1 Ind Cas 557)

August 13- Jagar Nath Singh And Ors. vs Lalta Prasad And Ors. (1 Ind Cas 562)

August 20- Government Of Bombay vs Merwanji Muncherji Caman ((1908) 10 BOMLR 907)

August 25- Govinda Pillai vs The Taluk Board Of Kumbakonam (4 Ind Cas 32)

August 25- Abbas Ali Shikdar vs Karim Bakhsh Shikdar And Ors.(4 Ind Cas 466)

Birthday

August 5- Harold Holt, Prime Minister of Australia: 1966-67; supported U.S. in Vietnam.

August 8- Arthur Joseph Goldberg, Associate Justice of U.S. Supreme Court (1962-65), was born in Chicago.

August 8- Chivu Stoica, Prime Minister of Romania: 1955-61, was born in Smeeni, Buzau.

August 27- Lyndon B. Johnson, 36th U.S. President (Democrat: 1963-69 (after the assasination of John Kennedy)), was born in Stonewall, Texas.

Deathday/Demise

August 11- Khudiram Bose, an Indian freedom fighter, who was one of the youngest revolutionaries of the Indian independence movement, died in Kolkata, West Bengal, India (for throwing a bomb at judge in Muzaffarpur).

August 25- Sir Eyre Massey Shaw, K. C. B., formerly chief officer and practically the founder of the Metropolitan fire brigade, of London, died at Folkestone, Kent. (British first chief of London Fire Brigade)

August 30- Alexander P. Stewart, American Lieutenant General (Confederate Army), died at Biloxi, Mississippi.

Anniversary

August 1- 38th anniversary of the Tower Subway, the world's first underground tube railway, which was opened in London on 1st Aug 1870.

August 7- 29th anniversary of the opening of the Poor Man's Palace in Manchester on 7th Aug 1879.

August 9- 6 years of reign of King Edward VII and Queen Alexandra of Denmark of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland. (9th Aug 1902)

August 16- Golden jubilee of the inauguration of the transatlantic telegraph cable by U.S. President James Buchanan by exchanging greetings with Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom on 16 August, 1858.

August 23- 35th anniversary of Albert Bridge in Chelsea, London. (opened on 23rd Aug 1873)

Legal News

September 12- Canada appointed a Civil Service Commission, initiating a more equitable system for selecting civil servants.

September 22- Bulgaria declared independence from Ottoman Empire (Turkey).

September 25- Six deserters, three of German nationality and three non-Germans, from the French Foreign Legion, then in occupation at Casablanca, Morocco, under a safe conduct issued by the German consulate and under the personal protection of the chancellor of the consulate, aided by a Moroccan soldier attached to the consulate, attempted to take passage upon a German vessel. The deserters were seized by the French officials after considerable violence. (The Casablanca Affair, 1908)

Law amendments

September 1- Civil Service Amendment Act, 1908 (Canada)

Land mark judgements

September 3- Haji Bibi Case - Justice Louis Pitman Russell ruled against the plaintiffs, confirming the Aga Khan's rights to the estate of his grandfather and to the offerings made to him by his followers. The ruling also established that the Nizari Ismailis were distinct from the Shias of the Ithna Ashari school.

September 18- Narendra Lal Khan vs Emperor ((1909) ILR 36 Cal 166)

September 21- Natesa Aiyar And Ors. vs Appavu Padayachi ( (1910) 20 MLJ 230)

Birthday

September 18- Milly Elise "Lise" Børsum, a Norwegian resistance member during World War II, survivor from the Ravensbrück concentration camp, and known for her writings and organizing work after the war, was born in Kristiania.

September 13- Sicco Leendert Mansholt, a Dutch politician who was the guiding force behind the Mansholt Plan, a proposed radical restructuring of Western European agriculture that became the basis for the Common Agricultural Policy of the European Economic Community (EEC) and its successor, the European Community (EC), was born in Groningen, Netherlands.

September 23- Ramdhari Singh Dinkar , a well-known poet of Hindi with tremendous patriotism, was born in Simaria, Munger (Bihar). When the first Parliament of India was formed, in 1952, he was elected a member of the Rajya Sabha.

Deathday/Demise

September 3- Cornelis Pijnacker Hordijk, Dutch jurist and Governor-General of the Dutch East Indies (1888-93), died in Haarlem, NH, Netherlands.

September 17- Thomas E. Selfridge, earlier US aviator, 1st to die in an air crash.

Anniversary

September 2- Sapphire jubilee of the publication of The Economist newspaper (preliminary issue dated August). (2nd Sep 1843).

September 18- 99th anniversary of The Royal Opera House in London (opened on 18th Sep 1809).

September 18- Platinum jubilee of The Manchester Anti-Corn Law League established by Richard Cobden. (18th Sep 1838)

September 27- 83rd anniversary of The Stockton and Darlington Railway, the world's first service of locomotive-hauled passenger trains. (opened on 27th Sep 1825).

September 28- 44th anniversary of The International Workingmen's Association, founded in London on 28th Sep 1864.

September 29- 79th anniversary of The Metropolitan Police of London, later also known as the Met, founded on 29th Sep 1829.

Legal News

October 1- 1st Dutch electric railway came into use (Rotterdam-The Hague).

October 5- Bulgaria proclaimed its independence from the Ottoman Empire. (Bulgaria was still using the Julian calendar, so the declaration of independence was made on 5 October using that calendar.)

October 6- Austria annexed Bosnia & Herzegovina.

October 7- Upon the annexation of Bosnia and Herzegovina by Austria and the declaration of Bulgarian independence, the Cretans proclaimed a union with Greece. Turkey, of which Crete was a nominal possession, at once protested to the powers. Negotiations dragged along.

October 7- Serbia & Montenegro signed Anti-Austria-Hungarian Pact.

October 18- Belgian state annexed Congo amid protests over killings and atrocities carried out on a mass scale by Leopold's agents.

October 20- King Leopold II sold Congo Free State to Belgium.

October 28- The English Newspaper, The Daily Telegraph, printed an interview with Germany's Emperor and King of Prussia, Wilhelm II, who characterized himself as personally friendly to Britain but suggested that the German people are hostile, causing uproar in both countries.

October 31- 4th Summer Olympic games ended in London.

Law amendments

October 7- Anti-Austrian Hungarian Pact, 1908

Land mark judgements

October 1- P.R. And Co. vs Bhagwandas Chaturbhuj ((1908) 10 BOMLR 1113)

October 8- Karri Venkatareddi vs Kollu Narasayya (1 Ind Cas 384)

October 13: Ardesir Bejonji Surti vs Syed Sirdar Ali Khan And Ors. (4 Ind Cas 804)

October 19- HERMAN BILIK, Appellant, v. CHRISTOPHER STRASSHEIM, Sheriff of Cook County, Ill. (212 U.S. 551 (1908))

Birthday

October 9- Jim Folsom, 42nd Governor of Alabama (1947-51; 1955-59), was born in Coffee County, Alabama.

October 15- John Kenneth Galbraith, Canadian economist (Affluent Society-58 Hillman Award) famous for his books- American Capitalism: The Concept of Countervailing Power, The Affluent Society and The Industrial State, was born in Iona Station, Ontario.

October 16- Enver Hoxha, former Prime Minister of Albania (1944-54), was born in Gjirokaster, Albania.

October 28- Arturo Frondizi, President of Argentina (1958-62), was born in Paso de Los Libres, Corrientes, Argetina.

Deathday/Demise

October 9- Ira Coray Abbot, Civil War Union Brevet Brigadier General, died in Washington, District of Columbia, District Of Columbia, U.S.A. He served during the Civil War first as Lieutenant Colonel, then Colonel and commander of the 1st Michigan Volunteer Infantry regiment.

Anniversary

October 3- Sapphire jubilee of the statue of Nelson placed atop Nelson's Column in Trafalgar Square, London. (3rd Oct 1843)

October 16- 39th anniversary of the Girton College, Cambridge which was England's first residential college for women. (16th Oct 1869)

October 17- 48th anniversary to the First Open Championship, a golf competition held at Prestwick Golf Club, in Ayrshire, Scotland on 17th Oct 1860.

October 21- 95th anniversary of The Nelson Monument, Liverpool (unveiled on 21st Oct 1813).

October 25- 80th anniversary of the St. Katharine Docks in London. (opened on 25th Oct 1828)

October 26- 45th anniversary of The Football Association; founded at the Freemasons' Tavern in Long Acre, London. (26th Oct 1863)

Legal News

November 3- United States presidential election were held in which Republican William Howard Taft defeated Democrat William Jennings Bryan.

November 4- The Academy of Music was opened in New York with a song recital by Madame Ernestine Schumann-Heink and an inaugural gala featuring the Metropolitan Opera with Geraldine Farrar and Enrico Caruso in Gounod’s Faust.

November 12- Andrew Fisher assumed the position of prime minister for what turned out to be a short-lived second Labour government, Australia.

November 14- General Elections were held in Cuba and Liberal candidate Jose Miguel Gomez won national elections for president in Cuba.

November 26- Dutch navy ships at war strength captured Venezuelan navy.

November 30- The US Secretary of State and Japan's ambassador to the US exchange notes in what became to be known as the Root-Takahira Agreement: they affirmed support for an independent China with an 'open door' policy and for the status quo in the Pacific.

Law amendments

November 5- LAW OF DISTRESS AMENDMENT BILL, 1908

November 11- The Chota Nagpur Tenancy Act, 1908, Bengal Act 6 of 1908

Land mark judgements

November 9- Twining v. New Jersey (211 U.S. 78)

November 23- Robert Fischer And Ors. vs The Secretary Of State For India (2 Ind Cas 325)

November 27- Sir Dinshaw Manockji Petit And ... vs Sir Jamsetji Jeejeebhoy And Ors. (2 Ind Cas 701)

Birthday

November 4- Joseph Rotblat, Polish Physicist and Nobel Peace Prize winner in 1995, was born in Warsaw, Poland. He participated in the U.S. atomic bomb project.

November 12- Harry Andrew Blackmun, Supreme Court justice (1970-94), was born in Nashville, Illinois, U.S. He authorized the opinion of upholding a women's right of privacy in the matter of abortion.

November 13- C. Vann Woodward, American historian and educator, Pulitzer Prize winner in 1982 for history, was born in Vanndale, Arkansas.

Deathday/Demise

November 7- Butch Cassidy, an infamous American train and bank robber who terrorized the wild west of America in the late 19th century.

November 10- Kanailal Dutta, a revolutionary in the India's freedom struggle belonging to the Jugantar group, was given the death sentence by the High Court which was carried out on 10th November 1908.

November 14- Guangxu, Emperor of Qing Dynasty, died in Beijing, China.

November 15- Empress Dowager Cixi, a Chinese empress dowager and regent of the Qing Dynasty.

November 21- Satyendra Nath Bosu, an Indian Bengali revolutionary, mathematician and physicist; Known for- Contribution to Indian freedom struggle and for working with Albert Einstein on the Bose-Einstein Condensate and for Boson.

November 27- Grand Duke Alexei Alexandrovich of Russia, a Russian Imperial Navy officer and fourth son of Alexander II, Emperor of All Russia and Marie of Hesse and by Rhine (Empress Maria Alexandrovna), died in Paris at the age of 58.

Anniversary

November 12- Golden Jubilee (50 Years of Reign) of Price Johann II, Liechtenstein.

Legal News

December 01- The Italian Parliament debated the future of the Triple Alliance and asked for compensation for Austria’s action in Bosnia-Herzegovina.

December 01- The US Dept. of Agriculture as of this day restricted opium imports to the US based on morphine content. Opium with under 3% morphine, which included opium for smoking, was restricted. This severely impacted the customs revenue in San Francisco and created an uproar in the city’s Chinatown. The law became effective as of April 1, 2009.

December 04- The world's ten leading maritime nations attended a Naval Conference in London; they agreed on rules for blockade, convoys, and seizure of contraband.

December 13- The Dutch took two Venezuelan Coast Guard ships.

December 16- First credit union in US formed (Manchester NH).

Law amendments

December 11- THE INDIAN CRIMINAL LAW AMENDMENT ACT, 1908

December 18- INDIAN PORTS ACT, 1908

December 18- THE REGISTRATION ACT, INDIA, 1908

December 24- Coal Mines Regulation Act, 1908, also known as the Eight Hours Act or the Coal Mines (Eight Hours) Act.

December 24- Crown Lands (Amendment) Act 1908

Land mark judgements

December 1- The Bombay Fire Insurance Co. vs Ahmedbhoy Habibbhoy ( 1 Ind Cas 14)

December 1- Kandhya Lal vs Manki ((1909) ILR 31 All 56)

December 14- Musammat Bhagwati vs Banwari Lal And Ors. (1 Ind Cas 416)

December 15- Mahamad Ravuther vs The British India Steam (1 Ind Cas 977)

Birthday

December 7- Christian Coudray, French military aviator in World War II and a Companion of the Liberation posthumously by decree of June 23, 1941, was born in Rouen in Seine-Maritime.

December 31- Simon Wiesenthal, founder (1961) and head (until 2003) of the Jewish Documentation Centre in Vienna. was born in Buczacz, Galicia, Austria-Hungary (now Buchach, Ukraine). During World War II, Wiesenthal was a prisoner in five Nazi concentration camps, and after the war he dedicated his life to the search for and the legal prosecution of Nazi criminals and to the promotion of Holocaust memory and education.

Deathday/Demise

December 5- William “Billy” Larkin Stiles, a gunfighter, lawman, and outlaw who, with Burton Alvord established the Alvord-Stiles Gang who operated in Arizona at the turn of the century.

December 9- William Harvey Carney, American Civil War soldier (first African-American to be awarded the Congressional Medal of Honor), dies of injuries sustained in an elevator accident at 68.

December 30- Thomas-Alfred Bernier (baptized Thomas-Wolfred), journalist, lawyer, office holder, politician, and author, died in St Boniface, Manitoba, Canada.

Anniversary

December 1- Sapphire jubilee of Christmas cards, which were invented and commissioned by Sir Henry Cole in London from the artist John Callcott Horsley. (1st Dec 1843)

December 2- Diamond Jubilee of Emperor Franz Joseph of Austria (60 Years of Reign).

December 10- Ruby jubilee of Whitaker's Almanack, an ultimate single-volume reference source - packed with thousands of facts, figures, overviews and statistics relating to the UK and the world. (first published on 10th Dec 1868)

December 14- 12 years to the opening of The Glasgow Underground Railway by the Glasgow District Subway Company. (14th Dec 1896)