1917

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January

  • Legal News
January 19 - The British intercept a telegram sent by Alfred Zimmermann in the German Foreign Office to the German embassies in Washington, D.C., and Mexico City. Its message outlines plans
1917
AuthorAarzoo Singla
ASSN37931
Published on17 July 2019
Co-Assn49288
EditorFaiyaz Khalid
Last Updates19/05/2019
for an alliance between Germany and Mexico against the United States. According to the scheme, Germany would provide tactical support while Mexico would benefit by expanding into the American Southwest, retrieving territories that had once been part of Mexico.
  • Land mark Judgements

January 8 - ADAMSON v. GILLILAND , 242 U.S. 350 (1917) January 15 - AMERICAN EXP. CO. v. STATE OF SOUTH DAKOTA EX REL. CALDWELL , 244 U.S. 617 (1917) January 22 - US v. AMERICAN-ASIATIC S S CO , 242 U.S. 537 (1917)[1]

  • Birthday

January 2 - Albin F. Irzyk, American Brigadier General January 3 - Liu Zhonghua, Chinese military officer January 17 – M. G. Ramachandran, Tamil Nadu chief minister[2]

  • Death day

January 6 – Frederick William Borden, Canadian politician January 8- Mary Arthur McElroy, de facto First Lady of the United States[3]

February

  • Legal News

February 1 - The Germans resume unrestricted submarine warfare around the British Isles with the goal of knocking Britain out of the war by cutting off all imports to starve the British people into submission. February 3 - The United States severs diplomatic ties with Germany after a U-Boat sinks the American grain ship Housatonic. Seven more American ships are sunk in February and March as the Germans sink 500 ships in just sixty days. February 5 – The new constitution of Mexico is adopted.

  • Landmark Judgements

February 5 - CHESAPEAKE & O R CO v. PUBLIC SERVICE COMMISSION OF STATE OF WEST , 242 U.S. 603 (1917) February 5 - SECOND NAT BANK OF CINCINNATI, OHIO, v. FIRST NAT BANK OF OKEANA , 242 U.S. 600 (1917)[4]

  • Birthday

February 4 – Yahya Khan, President of Pakistan February 27 - John Connally, Governor of Texas[5]

  • Death day

February 8 – Anton Haus, Austro-Hungarian admiral[6]

March

  • Legal News

March 8 - A mass protest by Russian civilians in Petrograd (St. Petersburg) erupts into a revolution against Czar Nicholas II and the war. Within days, Russian soldiers mutiny and join the revolution. March 12 – The Russian Duma declares a Provisional Government.

  • Landmark Judgements

March 6 - BAY v. MERRILL & RING LOGGING CO. , 243 U.S. 40 (1917) March 6 - BERG v. BRITISH & AFRICAN STEAM NAV CO , 243 U.S. 124 (1917)[7]

  • Birthday

March 2 - Babiker Awadalla, Sudanese politician March 27 - Cyrus Vance, American politician[8]

  • Death day

March 5 – Manuel de Arriaga, 1st President of Portugal March 6 – Jules Vandenpeereboom, 17th Prime Minister of Belgium[9]

April

  • Legal News

April 1917 - Mahatma Gandhi arrived in Patna by train from Calcutta. It was his first visit to the city and he had come to champion the cause of indigo farmers in Champaran[10] April 2 - President Woodrow Wilson appears before the U.S. Congress and gives a speech saying "the world must be made safe for democracy" then asks the Congress for a declaration of war against Germany. April 6 - The United States of America declares war on Germany.[11]

  • Landmark Judgements

April 9 - BUNTING v. STATE OF OREGON , 243 U.S. 426 (1917) April 9 - STRAUS v. VICTOR TALKING MACH. CO. , 243 U.S. 490 (1917) April 30 - ST LOUIS, I M & S R CO v. STARBIRD , 243 U.S. 592 (1917)[12]

  • Birthday

April 13 - Bill Clements, Governor of Texas[13]

  • Death day

April 8 – Richard Olney, American politician April 29 – Queen Tehaapapa III, Tahitian queen April 14 – L. L. Zamenhof, Polish creator of Esperanto[14]

May

  • Legal News

May 18 - The Selective Service Act is passed by the U.S. Congress, authorizing a draft. The small U.S. Army, presently consisting of 145,000 men, will be enlarged to 4,000,000 via the draft.

  • Landmark Judgements

May 7 - EWING v. US EX REL FOWLER CAR CO , 244 U.S. 1 (1917) May 21 - AMERICAN EXP CO v. US HORSE SHOE CO , 244 U.S. 58 (1917) May 21 - LEHIGH VALLEY R CO v. BARLOW , 244 U.S. 183 (1917)[15]

  • Birthday

May 29 – John F. Kennedy, 35th President of the United States[16]

  • Death day

May 20 – Philipp von Ferrary, Italian stamp collector May 7 – Albert Ball, British World War I fighter ace, Victoria Cross recipient May 25 - René Dorme, French World War I fighter ace[17]

June

  • Legal News

June 13 - London suffers its highest civilian casualties of the war as German airplanes bomb the city, killing 158 persons and wounding 425. The British react to the new bombing campaign by forming home defense fighter squadrons and later conduct retaliatory bombing raids against Germany by British planes based in France. June 25 - The first American troops land in France.[18]

  • Landmark Judgements

June 11 - ADAMS v. TANNER , 244 U.S. 590 (1917) June 11 - AMERICAN EXP. CO. v. STATE OF SOUTH DAKOTA EX REL. CALDWELL , 244 U.S. 617 (1917)[19]

  • Birthday

June 10 - DeWitt Hale, American politician[20]

  • Death day

June 5 – Karl Emil Schäfer, German World War I fighter ace (killed in action) June 18 – Titu Maiorescu, Romanian politician, 23rd Prime Minister of Romania June 26 – John Dunville, British Army officer (killed in action) June 27 – Karl Allmenröder, German World War I fighter ace (killed in action) June 29 – Frans Schollaert, 19th Prime Minister of Belgium[21]

July

  • Legal News

July 2 - Greece declares war on the Central Powers, following the abdication of pro-German King Constantine who is replaced by a pro-Allied administration led by Prime Minister Venizelos.[22]

  • Birthday

July 7 – Larry O'Brien, American politician, former NBA commissioner July 17 - Kenan Evren, former President of Turkey[23]

  • Death day

July 12 – Donald Cunnell, British World War I fighter ace (killed in action)[24]

August

  • Legal News

August 3 – The New York Guard is founded. August 10 – A general strike begins in Spain; it is smashed after 3 days with 70 left dead, hundreds of wounded and 2,000 arrests. August 14 – The Republic of China declares war on Germany and Austria-Hungary.

  • Birthday

August 21 – Esther Cooper Jackson, African-American civil rights activist[25]

  • Death day

August 17 – John W. Kern, American Democratic politician[26]

September

  • Legal News

September 1 - On the Eastern Front, the final Russian battle in the war begins as the Germans attack toward Riga. The German 8th Army utilizes new storm troop tactics devised by General Oskar von Hutier.[27] September 14 – Russia is declared a republic, by the Provisional Government.

  • Birthday

September 11- Ferdinand Marcos, 10th President of the Philippines[28]

  • Death day

September 11 – Georges Guynemer, French World War I fighter ace (missing in action) September 15 – Kurt Wolff, German World War I fighter ace (killed in action) September 23 – Werner Voss, German World War I fighter ace (killed in action)[29]

October

  • Legal News

October 26 – WWI: Brazil declares war against the Central Powers.

  • Landmark Judgements

October 9 - STATE OF ARKANSAS v. STATE OF TENNESSEE , 247 U.S. 461 (1917) October 15 - US v. LEARY , 245 U.S. 1 (1917) October 22 - BRUCE v. TOBIN , 245 U.S. 18 (1917)[30]

  • Birthday

October 31 – Gordon Steege, Australian military officer[31]

  • Death day

October 27 – Arthur Rhys-Davids, British fighter ace (killed in action) October 30 – Heinrich Gontermann, German fighter ace (flying accident)[32]

November

  • Legal News

November 15 - Georges Clemenceau becomes France's new Prime Minister at age 76. Nicknamed "The Tiger," when asked about his agenda, he will simply answer, "I wage war." November 29 - The Egg Throwing Incident occurred on in Warwick, Queensland, Australia. An egg was thrown at the Australian Prime Minister Billy Hughes at the Warwick railway station during his campaign for the 1917 plebiscite on conscription. The egg was thrown by Patrick Michael Brosnan, possibly assisted by his brother Bartie Brosnan.

  • Landmark Judgements

November 5 - BIDDINGER v. COMMISSIONER OF POLICE OF CITY OF NEW YORK , 245 U.S. 128 (1917) November 5 - US v. CHASE , 245 U.S. 89 (1917) November 12 - ST LOUIS SOUTHWESTERN R CO v. US , 245 U.S. 136 (1917)[33]

  • Birthday

November 3 – Chung Sze-yuen, Hong Kong politician November 12 - Mohamed Suffian Mohamed Hashim, Malaysian judge[34]

  • Death day

November 17 - Neil Primrose, British Liberal MP (killed in action)[35]

December

  • Legal News

December – Annie Besant becomes president of the Indian National Congress. December 9 - Jerusalem is captured by the British. This ends four centuries of its control by the Ottoman (Turkish) Empire. December 15 - Soviet Russia signs an armistice with Germany. With Russia's departure from the Eastern Front, forty-four German divisions become available to be redeployed to the Western Front in time for Ludendorff's Spring Offensive.

  • Landmark Judgements

December 10 - ABERCROMBIE & FITCH CO v. BALDWIN , 245 U.S. 198 (1917) December 10 - PEOPLE OF STATE OF NEW YORK EX REL. NEW YORK AND QUEENS GAS CO. , 245 U.S. 345 (1917) December 10 - STEVIRMAC OIL & GAS CO. v. DITTMAN , 245 U.S. 210 (1917)[36]

  • Birthday

December 20 - Petrus Hugo, South African WWII fighter pilot[37]

  • Death day

December 10 – Mackenzie Bowell, 5th Prime Minister of Canada December 19 – Richard Maybery, British fighter ace (killed in action) December 24 – Ivan Goremykin, Russian statesman, former Prime Minister December 28 – Alfred Edwin McKay, Canadian fighter ace (killed in action)[38]

References

  1. https://caselaw.findlaw.com/court/us-supreme-court/years/1917
  2. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1917
  3. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1917
  4. https://caselaw.findlaw.com/court/us-supreme-court/years/1917
  5. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1917
  6. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1917
  7. https://caselaw.findlaw.com/court/us-supreme-court/years/1917
  8. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1917
  9. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1917
  10. https://www.hindustantimes.com/india-news/remembering-the-first-satyagraha-100-years-of-champaran/story-myCg143UxOQJYuxlSrAqEJ.html
  11. https://www.onthisday.com/events/date/1917
  12. https://caselaw.findlaw.com/court/us-supreme-court/years/1917
  13. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1917
  14. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1917
  15. https://caselaw.findlaw.com/court/us-supreme-court/years/1917
  16. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1917
  17. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1917
  18. http://www.historyplace.com/worldhistory/firstworldwar/index-1917.html
  19. https://caselaw.findlaw.com/court/us-supreme-court/years/1917
  20. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1917
  21. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1917
  22. http://www.historyplace.com/worldhistory/firstworldwar/index-1917.html
  23. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1917
  24. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1917
  25. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1917
  26. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1917
  27. http://www.historyplace.com/worldhistory/firstworldwar/index-1917.html
  28. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1917
  29. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1917
  30. https://caselaw.findlaw.com/court/us-supreme-court/years/1917
  31. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1917
  32. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1917
  33. https://caselaw.findlaw.com/court/us-supreme-court/years/1917
  34. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1917
  35. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1917
  36. https://caselaw.findlaw.com/court/us-supreme-court/years/1917
  37. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1917
  38. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1917