1964

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January

  • Legal News*
January 9 - Martyrs' Day: Several Panamanian youths try to raise the Panamanian flag in the U.S.-controlled Panama Canal Zone, leading to fighting between U.S. military and Panamanian civilians.
1964
AuthorNeha Agarwal
ASSN37977
Published on19 October 2019
Co-Assn49285
EditorFaiyaz Khalid
Last Updates19/05/2019

January 11 – Surgeon General of the United States Dr. Luther Terry, M.D., publishes the landmark report Smoking and Health: Report of the Advisory Committee to the Surgeon General of the United States . January 13 – Anti-Muslim riots break out in Calcutta, resulting in 100 deaths. January 13- In Manchester, New Hampshire, fourteen-year-old Pamela Mason is murdered. Edward Coolidge is tried and convicted of the crime, but the conviction is set aside by the landmark Fourth Amendment case Coolidge v. New Hampshire (1971)

  • Law Amendments*

January 23 – The 24th Amendment to the United States Constitution, prohibiting the use of poll taxes in national elections, is ratified.

  • Land mark Judgment*

Balmukand v. Kamal Wati and others on 27 January, 1964. State of Gujarat v. Vora Fiddali Badruddin on January 30, 1964.

  • Birthday*

January 17- Michelle Obama, American lawyer and activist, 46th First Lady of the United States. January 20 - Aquilino Pimentel III, Filipino lawyer and politician and Fareed Zakaria, Indian-American journalist and author.


February

  • Legal News*

February 10 - The U.S. House of Representatives voted, 290-130, to approve the Civil Rights Act of 1964.

  • Death day*

February 2 - Rajkumar Amrit Kaur, freedom fighter, social activities and health minister.

  • New Laws *

February 26 - The Revenue Act of 1964

March

  • Legal News*

March 4 - The United Nations Security Council unanimously adopted Resolution 186, providing for a multinational peacekeeping force for Cyprus. March 20 - The Supreme Soviet of the Soviet Union passed a decree that provided for a more liberal system of parole and probation. March 23 - The first United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD) opened with a session at Geneva.

  • Land mark Judgment*

Andhra Pradesh State Road v. The Income tax office and ant. On 5 March, 1964. New York Times Co. v Sullivan on March 9, 1964. Management of Bombay Company Ltd. V. Workman on 25 March, 1964.


April

  • Legal News*

April 9 - The United Nations Security Council adopted. April 24- The Vienna Convention on Diplomatic Relations, signed on April 18, 1961, entered into force.

May

  • Legal News*

May 26 - President Abdul Salam Arif of Iraq and President Gamal Abdel Nasser of Egypt signed an agreement creating the "Joint Presidential Council" as the first step in a unification of the two countries within the United Arab Republic.

  • Land mark Judgment*

Schneider v. Rusk on May 18

  • Death day*

27 May- Prime minister of India Jawaharlal Nehru was died. He was succeeded by Lal Bahadur Shastri.

  • New laws *

May 2 - Companies (Profits) Surtax Act, 1964. May 12 - THE TAXATION LAWS (CONTINUATION AND VALIDATION OF RECOVERY and PROCEEDINGS) ACT, 1964. May 12 - THE DAKSHINA BHARAT HINDI PRACHAR SABHA ACT, 1964

June

  • Legal News*

June 1 - The United States and the Soviet Union signed a bilateral treaty. June 9 - A federal court jury in Kansas City, Kansas, found army deserter George John Gessner guilty of passing United States secrets to the Soviet Union and sentenced him to life imprisonment. June 10 - The Convention on the Continental Shelf entered into force. June 15 -The Group of 77 (G77) was formed by developing nations who were members of the United Nations, with the signing of the "Joint Declaration of the Seventy-Seven Countries" at the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development.

  • Law Amendments*

June 20 - 17th amemdment in Indian Constitution was made. In this amendment, enteries were added in 9th schedule and art 31A of the constitution was amended.

  • Land mark Judgment*

Reynolds v. Sims on June 15. Cooper v. Pate on June 22.

  • New Laws *

June 16 - THE DELHI (DELEGATION OF POWERS) ACT, 1964

July

  • Legal News*

July 8 - Peace negotiations regarding the future of Cyprus began in Geneva, between representatives of Greece and Turkey. July 20 - The National Movement of the Revolution was instituted as the sole legal political party in the Republic of Congo. July 22 - Representatives of Iran, Pakistan and Turkey issued a joint statement from Istanbul, establishing the RCD (Regional Cooperation for Development)

  • Land mark Judgment*

Flaminio Costa v ENEL on 15 July 1964.

  • New laws*

July 2 - the Civil Rights Act of 1964.

August

  • Legal News*

August 9 - The All India Muslim Majlis-e-Mushawarat was established by leaders of multiple Islamic organizations in India, under the leadership of Dr. Syed Mahmud. August 11 - The U.S. Senate approved the Economic Opportunity Act of 1964. August 20 - the International Telecommunications Satellite Organization, was established. August 20 - U.S. President Lyndon Johnson signed the Economic Opportunity Act into law August 29 - Vishva Hindu Parishad (VHP), Hindu religious and political organization, was founded in India at a conference of 150 religious leaders in Bombay.

  • Death day*

August 13 - William H. Davis, 84, American lawyer and government administrator who drafted the National Labor Relations Act.

September

  • Legal News*

September 10 - The Convention on the Territorial Sea and the Contiguous Zone, signed at the United Nations on April 29, 1958, went into effect after ratification of the required number of nations. September 10 - Three international agreements were signed at Paris by the 10 members of Europe's International Commission on Civil Status (ICCS). September 23 - Peace negotiations between the government of India and the Naga National Council began in the village of Chedema.

  • Land mark Judgment*

Special reference no. 1 of 1964 v. (1964) INSC (209) on 30 September, 1964.

  • Death day*,

September 9 - H. N. Sanyal, 62, the Solicitor General of India.

  • New laws *

September 3 - The Wilderness Act was signed into law in the United States. September 30 - [THE] LEGAL TENDER (INSCRIBED NOTES) ACT, 1964.

October

  • Legal News*

October 11 - Five people were killed in an accident at the 1000 kilometres de Paris automobile race held at the Autodrome de Linas-Montlhéry in Montlhéry. October 28 - The municipal government of the Indian city of Bangalore demolished a monument that had been built by the British to commemorate the British lives lost in the 1791 Siege of Bangalore. October 30 - At New Delhi, India's Prime Minister Lal Bahadur Shastri hosted Prime Minister Sirimavo Bandaranaike of Ceylon (now Sri Lanka) and the two leaders signed what has come to be known as the "Sirima–Shastri Pact", though its official name was the "Agreement on Persons of Indian Origin in Ceylon.

  • Land mark Judgment*

Municipal Corporation for Greater..v. Lala Pancham of Bombay & others on 1 October, 1964.

  • Birthday*

October 22 - Amit Shah, Indian politician and leader (since 2014) of that nation's second largest political organization, the Bharatiya Janata Party; in Bombay (now Mumbai)

  • Death day*

October 7 - Eugen Varga, 84, Hungarian-born Soviet economic adviser. October 23 - Arthur Creech Jones, 73, British politician who served as Secretary of State for the Colonies from 1946 to 1950.

November

  • Legal News*

November 8 - A ceasefire went into effect at 1:00 between the royalist and the republican factions in the North Yemen Civil War[31] but would last for less than a month. November 14 - Heinrich von Brentano, 60, former West German Foreign Minister. November 17 - The New Zealand Parliament voted to approve the Constitution of the Cook Islands, to take effect on a date to be approved by the Cook Islands Legislative Council. November 18 - The United States and the Soviet Union signed the "Agreement on Cooperation Between the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics and the United States of America in the Field of Desalination, Including the Use of Atomic Energy", was signed in Moscow. November 25 - The Niger River Commission (now called the Niger Basin Authority) was formed by an agreement signed in Niamey, the capital of Niger. November 28 - NASA launched the Mariner 4 space probe from Cape Kennedy. November 29 - Twenty-four people were trampled to death and 37 more injured in Mexico after a political rally in Jalapa.

  • Birthday*

November 17 - Susan Rice, U.S. Ambassador to the United Nations, 2009 to 2013, and National Security Advisor, 2013 to 2017; in Birmingham, Alabama.

  • Death day*

November 5 - Lansdale Ghiselin Sasscer, 71, American politician and U.S. Representative for Maryland for six terms between 1939. November 18 - Senator Harrie Wade, 59, Australia's Health Minister and the senior member of the six Country Party members in the Australian Senate.

  • New laws*

November 24 - Australia's parliament passed the National Service Act 1964.

December

  • Legal event*

December 7 - The United States Supreme Court struck down, as unconstitutional, Florida law that prohibited cohabitation between a white man and a black woman, or a black man and a white woman. December 9 - The Convention on Consent to Marriage, Minimum Age for Marriage and Registration of Marriages entered into force after being signed on November 7, 1962. December 13 - The Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs, an international convention between nations agreeing to prohibit the production, manufacture, export and import, and distribution of narcotics for any uses other than for medical and scientific purposes, went into effect less than four years after it had been signed on March 30, 1961. December 19 - In a military coup, the ruling military junta of South Vietnam, led by General Nguyen Khanh, dissolved the High National Council and arrested some of its members. December 26 - France's National Assembly voted unanimously to approve Law No. 64-1326, declaring that there was no statute of limitations on crimes against humanity and war crimes.[ December 30 - The United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD) was established as a permanent organ of the UN General Assembly. December 30 - Law enforcement officers in India arrested more than 500 pro-Chinese Indian communists in a predawn raid throughout the Kerala state, and charged them with planning "nationwide sabotage and violent revolution.

  • Land mark Judgment*

December 14 - In two separate cases, Heart of Atlanta Motel v. United States( 379 U.S. 249, 1964) and Katzenbach v. McClung(379 U.S. 294 (1964), the U.S. Supreme Court upheld the constitutionality of the Civil Rights Act of 1964

  • Death day*

December 3 - U.S. Navy Admiral Charles P. Snyder, 85, the first Naval Inspector General. December 16 - Mary Sophia Allen, 86, English feminist leader and founder of the Women Police Volunteers and Steponas Kairys, 85, Lithuanian independence leader and its first Minister of Industry and Trade (1919-1920) New Laws * December 10 - THE FOOD CORPORATIONS ACT, 1964