1980

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Legal News

January 1 – Changes to the Swedish Act of Succession make Princess Victoria of Sweden first in line to the throne ("heir apparent") and therefore Crown Princess, ahead of her younger brother.

January 4 – U.S. President Jimmy Carter proclaims a grain embargo against the USSR with the support of the European Commission.

January 6 The president of Sicily, Piersanti Mattarella, is killed by the Mafia.

January 7 – U.S. President Jimmy Carter authorizes legislation giving $1.5 billion in loans to bail out the Chrysler Corporation.

January 9 – In Saudi Arabia, 63 Islamist insurgents are beheaded for their part in the siege of the Great Mosque in Mecca in November, 1979.

January 11 – Nigel Short, 14, becomes the youngest chess player to be awarded the degree of International Master.

14 January – Indira Gandhi returned to power as the Prime minister of India.

January 20 – The Pittsburgh Steelers win their fourth National Football League championship in six seasons, defeating the Los Angeles Rams 31–19 in Super Bowl XIV at the Rose Bowl in Pasadena, California. The game was shown to the Americans held hostage in Iran.

January 21 The London Gold Fixing hits its highest price ever (adjusted for inflation), at US$850 a troy ounce.[clarification needed] MS Athina B is beached at Brighton (England), becoming a temporary tourist attraction. At least 200 people are killed when the Corralejas Bullring collapses at Sincelejo, Colombia.

January 22 – Andrei Sakharov, Soviet scientist and human rights activist, is arrested in Moscow.

January 24 – The Chicago, Rock Island and Pacific Railroad is ordered liquidated due to bankruptcy and debt owed to creditors.

January 26 – Israel and Egypt establish diplomatic relations.

January 27 – Canadian Caper: Six United States diplomats, posing as Canadians, manage to escape from Tehran, Iran, as they board a flight to Zürich, Switzerland, on Swissair.

January 29 – The Rubik's Cube makes its international debut at The British Toy and Hobby Fair, Earl's Court, London.

January 31 – Burning of the Spanish Embassy: The Spanish Embassy in Guatemala is invaded and set on fire, killing 36 people. It is called "Spain's own Tehran", similar to the 1979–80 Iran American crisis.

Law amendments

Extend reservation for SC / ST and nomination of Anglo Indian members in Parliament and State Assemblies for another ten years i.e. up to 1990. The Forty-fifth Amendment of the Constitution of India, officially known as The Constitution (Forty-fifth Amendment) Act, 1980, extended the period of reservation of seats for the Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes and representation of the Anglo-Indians in the Lok Sabha and the State Legislative Assemblies for another ten years, i.e. up to 26 January 1990. Article 334 of the Constitution had originally required the reservation of seats to cease in 1960, but this was extended to 1970 by the 8th Amendment, and the 23rd Amendment extended this period to 1980. The 45th Amendment extended the period of reservation to 1990.[1] The period of reservation was extended to 2000, 2010 and 2020 by the 62nd, 79th and 95th Amendments respectively.

Land mark judgements

Vinod Kumar Chowdhry Vs. Narain Devi Taneja [1980] INSC 1 (11 January 1980)

2. Commissioner of Income-Tax, West Bengal-Iicalcutta Vs. Kalyanji Mavji & Company [1980] INSC 2 (14 January 1980)

3. Grindlays Bank Limited Vs. The Income Tax Officer, 'H' Ward Companies [1980] INSC 3 (15 January 1980)

4. State of Madhya Pradesh Vs. Shanker Lal & Ors [1980] INSC 4 (16 January 1980)

5. Managing Director, Uttar Pradesh Warehousing Corporation & ANR Vs. Vinay Narayan Vajpayee [1980] INSC 5 (16 January 1980)

6. Kusa & Ors Vs. State of Orissa [1980] INSC 6 (17 January 1980)

7. Meharbansingh Vs. Bhagwantsingh & Ors [1980] INSC 7 (17 January 1980)

8. Harish Chandra Nigam Vs. State of U.F [1980] INSC 8 (21 January 1980)

9. Arvind @ Abasaheb Ganesh Kulkarni & Ors Vs. Anna @ Dhanpal Parisa Chougule & Ors [1980] INSC 9 (22 January 1980)

10. Narendra Bahadur Tandon Vs. Shankerlal & ANR [1980] INSC 10 (25 January 1980)

11. Jagdish Saran & Ors Vs. Union of India & Ors [1980] INSC 11 (28 January 1980)

12. M. R. Mini Vs. State of Kerala & ANR [1980] INSC 12 (28 January 1980)

13. Ashok Kumar Vs. State (Delhi Administration) [1980] INSC 13 (29 January 1980)

14. Pabitra N. Rana Vs. Union of India & Ors [1980] INSC 14 (30 January 1980)

15. Rajasthan State Road Transport Corporation, Jaipur Vs. Narain Shanker & ANR [1980] INSC 15 (30 January 1980)

Birthday

Jan 1 Elin Nordegren, Swedish model

Jan 2 Stephanie Stiegler, pairs skater (& Zimmerman), born in Santa Monica, California Jan 2 Mac Danzig, American Mixed martial arts combatant

Jan 3 Angela Ruggiero, ice hockey defenseman (USA, Olympics 1998) Jan 3 Rob Arnold, American guitarist (Chimaira) Jan 3 Liya Kebede, Ethiopian model Jan 3 David Tyree, American football player

Jan 4 Yaroslav Popovych, Ukrainian cyclist, born in Drohobych, Ukraine Jan 4 Miguel Monteiro, Portuguese footballer, born in Lisbon, Portugal Jan 4 Greg Cipes, American actor, born in Coral Springs, Florida Jan 4 Erin Cahill, American actress, born in Stafford, Virginia

Jan 5 Garette Patrick Ratliff, American actor (Return to Blue Lagoon), born in Burbank, California Jan 5 Bennie Joppru, National Football League tight end, born in Dickinson, North Dakota

Jan 6 Steed Malbranque, French footballer, born in Mouscron, Belgium

Jan 8 Rachel Nichols, American actress, born in Phoenix, Arizona

Jan 9 Sergio García, Spanish golfer (US Masters 2017), born in Borriol, Castellón

Jan 10 Matt Roney, American baseball player, born in Tulsa, Oklahoma Jan 10 Sarah Shahi, American actress & model, born in Euless, Texas

Jan 11 Lovieanne Jung, US softball player, born in Honolulu, Hawaii Jan 11 Mike Williams, American football player, born in South Carolina, United States Jan 11 Deanna Wright, US actress, born in Ocala, Florida

Jan 12 Bobby Crosby, American baseball player, born in Lakewood, California

Jan 13 Krzysztof Czerwinski, Polish conductor and organist Jan 13 Nils-Eric Johansson, Swedish footballer Jan 13 Akira Kaji, Japanese footballer Jan 13 Michael Rupp, American ice hockey player

Jan 15 Matt Holliday, American baseball player, born in Stillwater, Oklahoma

Jan 16 Albert Pujols, Dominican MLB 1st baseman (NL MVP 2005, 2008-9)), born in Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic Jan 16 Michelle Wild, Hungarian model Jan 16 Alyssa Edwards [Justin Johnson], American drag performer, choreographer, TV personality and businessperson (Beyond Belief Dance Company), born in Mesquite, Texas

Jan 17 Maksim Chmerkovskiy, Ukrainian ballroom dancer Jan 17 Gareth McLearnon, Northern Irish flautist

Deathday/Demise

Jan 1 Frank Clifford Wykoff, sprinter (Olympic gold 1928, 32, 36), dies at 70

Jan 1 Pietro Nenni, Italian politician (Socialists), dies at 88

Jan 2 Larry Williams, rocker, dies at 44

Jan 3 Amos Milburn, American R&B singer and pianist, dies at 52

Jan 3 Axel Springer Jr, German photographer, commits suicide at 38

Jan 3 Ivan Triesault [Johann Constantin Treisalt], Russian actor (Cry of the Werewolf, Black Parachute), dies at 81

Jan 3 Lucien Buysse, Belgian cyclist (Tour de France 1926 champion), dies at 87

Legal News

February 2 – Abscam: FBI personnel target members of the Congress of the United States in a sting operation.

February 2 – 3 – The New Mexico State Penitentiary riot takes place; 33 inmates are killed and more than 100 inmates injured.

February 4 – Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini names Abolhassan Banisadr as president of Iran.

February 13 – The 1980 Winter Olympics open in Lake Placid, New York.

February 15 – In Vanuatu, followers of John Frum's cargo cult on the island of Tanna declare secession as the nation of Tafea.

February 16 – A total solar eclipse is seen in North Africa and West Asia. It was the 50th solar eclipse of Solar Saros 130.

February 19 – AC/DC frontman Bon Scott dies after a night of heavy drinking in London.

February 22 – The United States Olympic Hockey Team defeats the Soviet Union in the semifinals of the Winter Olympics, in the Miracle on Ice.

February 23 – Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini states that Iran's parliament will decide the fate of the American embassy hostages.

February 25 – A coup in Suriname ousts the government of Henck Arron; leaders Dési Bouterse and Roy Horb replace it with a National Military Council.

February 27 – M-19 guerrillas begin the Dominican embassy siege in Colombia, holding 60 people hostage, including 14 ambassadors.

Law amendments

Land mark judgements

FRANCES CORALIE MULLIN VS. W. C. KHAMBRA & ORS.

MEET SINGH VS. STATE OF PUNJAB

KALLYANI VS. NARAYANAN AND ORS.

THE TULSIPUR SUGAR CO. LTD. VS. THE NOTIFIED AREA COMMITTEE, TULSIPUR

STATE OF GUJARAT VS. PATEL BAVA KARSAN & ORS.

BABU RAO PATEL VS. STATE OF DELHI

RAMCHANDRA A. KAMAT VS. UNION OF INDIA AND ORS.

STATE OF U.P. VS. RAM BABU MISRA

HAZARI LAL VS. DELHI ADMINISTRATION

UTTAM CHAND VS. STATE OF MAHARASHTRA & ANR.

SUBHASH CHANDRA AND ORS. VS. STATE OF U.P. AND ORS.

P. N. ESWARA IYER VS. THE REGISTRAR, SUPREME COURT OF INDIA

Birthday

Feb 1 Moisés Muñoz, Mexican footballer, born in Aguililla, Mexico Feb 1 Otilino Tenorio, Ecuadorian footballer, born in Guayaquil, Ecuador (d. 2005) Feb 1 Héctor Luna, Dominican Republic baseball player, born in Monte Cristi Province, Dominican Republic Feb 2 Teddy Hart [Edward Annis], Canadian professional wrestler, born in Calgary, Alberta, Canada Feb 2 Gucci Mane, African-American rapper Feb 2 Oleguer Presas, Spanish football player Feb 3 Sarah Lewitinn, American writer Feb 5 Jo Swinson, British politician, born in Glasgow, United Kingdom Feb 5 Brad Fitzpatrick, American programmer, born in Iowa, United States Feb 5 Prince Peter, American-born Yugoslav royalty, born in Chicago, Illinois Feb 6 Mamiko Noto, Japanese voice actress & singer, born in Kanazawa, Japan Feb 6 Kim Poirier, Canadian actress, born in Drummondville, Canada Feb 6 Luke Ravenstahl, American politician, born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania Feb 8 Ralf Little, English actor/comedian Feb 8 Cameron Muncey, Australian guitarist (Jet) Feb 8 Stephen Wright, English footballer Feb 9 Angelos Charisteas, Greek footballer Feb 9 Shelly Martinez, American wrestler Feb 10 César Izturis, Venezuelan baseball player, born in Barquisimeto, Venezuela Feb 10 Mike Ribeiro, Canadian ice hockey player, born in Montreal, Canada Feb 10 Steve Tully, English footballer, born in Paignton, United Kingdom Feb 11 Matthew Lawrence, US actor (Matthew-Gimme a Break), born in Albington Township, Pennsylvania Feb 11 Natasha Bobo, US actress (Sally in Together We Stand), born in Watsonville, California Feb 11 Titi Buengo, Angolan footballer, born in Luanda, Angola Feb 11 Cormac McAnallen, Northern Irish Gaelic footballer, born in County Tyrone, Northern Ireland (d. 2004) Feb 11 Marco Bresciano, Australian soccer player, born in Melbourne, Australia Feb 12 Christina Ricci, US actress (Wednesday-Addams Family, Casper), born in Santa Monica. California Feb 12 Sarah Lancaster, US actress (Rachel-Saved By Bell: New Class), born in Overland Park, Kansas Feb 12 Juan Carlos Ferrero, Spanish tennis player, born in Ontinyent, Spain Feb 13 Kristy Powell, US gymnast (Olympics 1996), born in Stuart, Florida Feb 13 Sebastian Kehl, German footballer, born in Fulda, Germany Feb 14 Fátima Leyva, Mexican footballer, born in Mexico City, Mexico Feb 14 Michelle Ye, Chinese actress & producer, born in Hangzhou, China Feb 14 Josh Senter, US screenwriter, born in Plato, Missouri Feb 15 Conor Oberst, US singer and songwriter (Bright Eyes), born in Omaha, Nebraska Feb 16 Agim Kaba, American actor and film producer Feb 16 Ashley Lelie, American football player Feb 17 Shanyn MacEachern, Brampton Ontario, gymnast (Olympics 1996) Feb 17 Klemi Saban, Israeli footballer Feb 17 Al Harrington, American basketball player Feb 17 Jason Ritter, American actor Feb 18 Alison Rachel Fitch, New Zealand swimmer (Olympics 1996), born in Hamilton, New Zealand Feb 18 Regina Spektor, Russian-born singer and songwriter Feb 18 Nikolai Antropov, Kazakh ice hockey player Feb 19 Neleh Dennis, American Survivor contestant Feb 19 Mike Miller, American basketball player Feb 20 Artur Boruc, Polish footballer Feb 20 Imanol Harinordoquy, French rugby union footballer Feb 21 Justin Roiland, American actor, writer and director (Rick and Morty), born in Stockton, California Feb 21 Parthiva Sureshwaren, Indian racing driver, born in Chennai, India Feb 21 Brad Fast, Canadian ice hockey player, born in Fort St. John, Canada Feb 21 Jim Vandermeer, Canadian ice hockey player, born in Caroline, Canada Feb 21 Tiziano Ferro, Italian singer, born in Latina, Italy Feb 23 Yvonne Tousek, Canadian gymnast (Olympics 1996), born in Kitchener, Ontario Feb 24 Anton Gustafsson, Swedish rock music fan (d. 2003) Feb 24 Shinsuke Nakamura, Japanese professional wrestler Feb 24 Roman Sloudnov, Russian swimmer Feb 25 Antonio Burks, American basketball player Feb 25 Christy Knowings, American actress Feb 26 Alex Fong, Hong Kong singer, born in British Hong Kong Feb 26 Gary Majewski, Major League Baseball player, born in Houston, Texas Feb 27 Chelsea Clinton, daughter of President Clinton and Hillary Clinton Feb 27 Bobby Valentino, American singer, born in Jackson, Mississippi Feb 28 Pascal Bosschaart, Dutch footballer, born in Rotterdam, Netherlands Feb 28 Piotr Giza, Polish footballer, born in Kraków, Poland Feb 28 Lucian Bute, Romanian-born Quebec boxer, born in Pechea, Romania Feb 28 Tayshaun Prince, American basketball player, born in Compton, California Feb 29 Ruben Plaza, Spanish cyclist Feb 29 Simon Gagné, Canadian ice hockey player Feb 29 Taylor Twellman, American soccer player Feb 29 Clinton Toopi, New Zealand rugby league footballer Feb 29 Chris Conley, American musician

Deathday/Demise

Feb 1 Jack Bailey, TV host (Queen for a Day), dies at 72 Feb 1 Romolo Valli, actor (Boom, La Viaccia), dies at 54 Feb 1 Gastone Nencini, Italian cyclist (b. 1930) Feb 1 Gastone Nencini, Italian road cyclist (winner Giro d'Italia 1957, Tour de France 1960), dies at 49 Feb 2 William H. Stein, American biochemist (Nobel 1972), dies at 68 Feb 7 Ernst Kunz, Swiss composer, dies at 88 Feb 7 Katherine Emery, American actress (Maze, Isle of the Dead), dies at 73 Feb 7 Secondo Campini, Italian jet engine pioneer, dies at 75 Feb 8 Nikos Xilouris, Greek singer (b. 1936) Feb 9 Antoine Pompe, Belgian architect, dies at 106 Feb 9 Tom Macdonald, Welsh journalist and novelist (b. 1900) Feb 12 Floyd Taliaferro Alderson, actor (Crossing Trails), dies Feb 12 Muriel Rukeyser, American poet (b. 1913) Feb 13 David Janssen, American actor (The Fugitive, Harry O), dies at 49 Feb 14 Luitkonwar Rudra Baruah, Assamese composer and actor Feb 16 Erich Hückel, German physicist (b. 1895) Feb 17 Graham Sutherland, English artist (official WWII war artist), dies at 76 Feb 17 Jerry Fielding, [Joshua Feldman] American composer (Bewitched, Hogan's Heroes), dies at 57 Feb 18 Gale Robbins [Betty Gale Murphy], American singer and actress (Fuller Brush Girl, Mr Hex), dies of lung cancer at 58 Feb 19 Bon Scott [Ronald Belford Scott], Australian rock musician (lead singer and lyricist of AC/DC), dies at 33 Feb 20 Alice Longworth Roosevelt, youngest daughter of Theodore, dies at 96 Feb 21 Chester Lauck, American actor (Dreaming Out Loud, 2 Weeks to Live), dies at 78 Feb 22 Alfred Andersch, German writer (Red Head), dies at 66 Feb 22 Oskar Kokoschka, Austria/British painter and graphic artist, dies at 93 Feb 22 Dick Kallman, American actor (Born to Be Loved, Verboten!), murdered in his New York apartment at 46 Feb 23 Robert Vandekerckhove, Belgian politician, dies at 62 Feb 27 George Tobias, American actor (Bewitched), dies at 78 Feb 28 Ian Alexander Ross Peebles, cricketer (45 wkts for England), dies Feb 29 Yigol Alton, Israeli Foreign Minister, dies at 61

Anniversary

Feb 20 - Actress Susan Dey (LA Law) weds producer Bernard Sofronski

Legal News

March 1 The Commonwealth Trade Union Council is established.

March 3 Pierre Trudeau returns to office as Prime Minister of Canada.

March 4 – Robert Mugabe is elected Prime Minister of Zimbabwe.

March 8 – The Soviet Union's first rock music festival starts.

March 14 – LOT Polish Airlines Flight 007 crashes during an emergency landing near Warsaw, Poland, killing a 14-man American boxing team and 73 others.

March 18 – Fifty people are killed at the Plesetsk Cosmodrome in Russia, when a Vostok-2M rocket explodes on its launch pad during a fueling operation.

March 19 – 20 – The MV Mi Amigo, the ship housing pirate radio station Radio Caroline, sinks off the English coast (the station returns aboard a new ship in 1983).

March 21 U.S. President Jimmy Carter announces that the United States will boycott the 1980 Summer Olympics in Moscow because of the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan.

March 22 – The Georgia Guidestones are erected in Elbert County, Georgia.

March 24 – Archbishop Óscar Romero is killed by gunmen while celebrating Mass in San Salvador.

March 27 The Norwegian oil platform Alexander L. Kielland collapses in the North Sea, killing 123 of its crew of 212. The Silver Thursday market crash occurs in the United States.

March 28 – Talpiot Tomb is found in Jerusalem.

March 31 – Chicago, Rock Island and Pacific Railroad operates its final train.

Law amendments

Land mark judgements

STATE OF U.P. AND ANR. VS. M. J. SIDDIQUI AND ORS.(31st March 1980)

NASIR AHEMED VS.ASSISTANT CUSTODIAN GENERAL, EVACUEE PROPERTY U.P., LUCKNOW (28th March 1980)

DR. RAJENDRA PRAKASH SHARMA VS. GYAN CHANDRA & ORS.(27th March 1980)

KATYANI DAYAL AND ORS. VS. UNION OF INDIA AND ORS.(26th March 1980)

N. K. V. BROS (P) LTD. VS. M.KARUMAI AMMAL AND ORS. ETC.(21st March 1980)

CHARLES. K. SKARIA VS. DR.C.MATHEW (19th March 1980)

R. R. ENGINEERING CO. VS. ZILA PARISHAD, BAREILLY & ANR. (10th March 1980)

STATE OF GUJARAT & ANR. VS. VAGHELA DAYABHAI CHATURBHAI & ORS. (5th March 1980)

STATE OF MAHARASHTRA VS. MOHD. YAKUB S/O ABDUL HAMID & ORS. (4th March 1980)

Birthday

Mar 1 Rose VBL Windsor, daughter of English prince Richard Mar 1 Shahid Afridi, Pakistan cricket all-rounder (record 100 in 37 balls in 1st ODI innings), born in Khyber, Pakistan Mar 1 Djimi Traoré, Malian footballer Mar 1 Abdur Rehman, Pakistani cricketer

Mar 2 Édson Nobre, Angolan footballer Mar 2 Lance Cade, American professional wrestler Mar 2 Rebel Wilson, Australian actress and producer (Pitch Perfect, Bridesmaids), born in Sydney, Australia

Mar 4 Omar Bravo, Mexican footballer Mar 4 Jung Da Bin, South Korean actress (d. 2007) Mar 4 Jack Hannahan, American baseball player Mar 4 Arash Markazi, American sportswriter

Mar 11 Paul Scharner, Austrian footballer Mar 11 Dan Uggla, American baseball player

Mar 12 Douglas Murray, Swedish ice-hockey player

Mar 13 Caron Butler, American basketballer, born in Racine, Wisconsin Mar 13 Lee Jung-hyun, South Korean pop singer and actress (Alice in Earnestland), born in Taegu, South Korea Mar 13 Molly Stanton, American actress (Miss March), born in Los Angeles, California

Mar 14 Matteo Grassotto, Italian racing driver Mar 14 Ben Herring, New Zealand rugby union footballer Mar 14 Aaron Brown, British/English footballer Mar 14 Mercedes McNab, Canadian-born actress

Mar 15 Deidra Graham, Salt Lake City Utah, gymnast (alt-Olympics 1996) Mar 15 Freddie Bynum, American baseball player

Mar 16 Felipe Reyes, Spanish basketball player Mar 16 Todd Heap, American football player

Mar 18 Sebastien Frey, French footballer Mar 18 Sophia Myles, English actress

Mar 19 Mikuni Shimokawa, Japanese singer Mar 19 Don Sparrow, Canadian illustrator

Mar 20 Jamal Crawford, American basketball player Mar 20 Ock Ju-Hyun, South Korean singer

Mar 21 Ronaldinho Gaucho, Brazilian international footballer Mar 21 Marit Bjørgen, Norwegian cross-country skier Mar 21 Deryck Whibley, Canadian guitarist and singer (Sum41)

Mar 22 Pamela O'Connor, Scottish ice dancer Mar 22 Shannon Bex, American singer (Danity Kane)

Mar 24 Luke Edwards, Nevada City Ca, actor (Newsie) Mar 24 Tassos Venetis, Greek footballer

Mar 25 Carrie Lam, Hong Kong actress Mar 25 Joe King, Guitarist and Co-Founder for the band The Fray

Mar 28 Stiliani Pilatou, Greek long jumper Mar 28 Luke Walton, American basketball player

Mar 29 Kim Tae Hee, South Korean actress Mar 29 Prince Hamzah bin Al Hussein, of Jordan Mar 29 Amy Mathews, Australian actress

Mar 30 Liriel Higa, rhythmic gymnast (Olympics 1996), born in Los Angeles, California Mar 30 Ricardo Osorio, Mexican footballer Mar 30 Yalin, Turkish singer and songwriter

Mar 31 Chien-Ming Wang, Taiwanese MLB pitcher (NY Yankees, AL wins leader 2006), born in Tainan City, Taiwan Mar 31 Maaya Sakamoto, Japanese voice actor

Deathday/Demise

Mar 1 John Jacob Niles, American composer and singer, dies at 87 Mar 1 Dixie Dean, English footballer (b. 1907) Mar 1 Wilhelmina, high-fashion model and owner of model agency (b. 1940)

Mar 5 Jay Silverheels [Harold J. Smith], Canadian actor (The Lone Ranger, Key Largo), dies from a stroke at 67 Mar 5 Winifred Wagner-William, German World Festival organizer, dies at 82

Mar 9 Olga Chekova, actress (Moulin Rouge, Pawns of Possession), dies at 82

Mar 10 Herman Tarnower, doctor (Scarsdale Diet), killed by Jean Harris Mar 10 Melville Henry Cane, American lawyer and poet (Making a Poem), dies at 100

Mar 14 Mohammad Hatta, Indonesian politician (b. 1902)

Mar 15 Gerald Abrahams, English author (Teach Yourself Chess), dies at 72

Mar 16 Tamara de Lempicka, Polish-born painter (b. 1898)

Mar 17 Rudolf G Escher, Dutch composer (Vrai Visage de la Paix), dies at 68

Mar 18 Erich Fromm, German/US psychoanalyst, dies at 79 Mar 18 Herman Griffith, cricketer (13 Tests for WI, 44 wickets), dies Mar 18 "Grishata" Grigor Vachkov, Bulgarian actor (At Each Kilometer), dies at 47

Mar 21 Gideon Fagan, composer, dies at 75 Mar 21 Peter Stoner, American mathematician, astronomer and Christian apologist (b. 1888)

Mar 24 Oscar Romero, El Salvador Roman Catholic priest, murdered during mass at 62

Mar 25 Roland Barthes, French literary critic and writer (b. 1915) Mar 25 Milton H. Erickson, American psychiatrist and psychologist, dies at 78 Mar 25 Walter Susskind, Czech conductor and pianist, dies at 66 Mar 25 James Wright, American poet (b. 1927)

Mar 26 Jon-Jon Poulos, rocker (Buckinghams), dies from drugs at 32

Mar 28 Richard "Dick" Haymes, Argentine-American actor and singer (Sate Fair, Real Life, Betrayal), dies of lung cancer at 61

Mar 29 Annunzio Mantovani, Italian orchestra leader (Mantovani), dies at 74

Anniversary

Mar 29 - 77th Prime Minister of UK Tony Blair (26) weds barrister and lecturer Cherie Booth

Legal News

April 1 The Southern African Development Coordination Conference (SADCC) is formed in Lusaka, Zambia. New York City's Transport Works Union Local 100 goes on strike, which continues for 11 days.

April 2 – The St Pauls riot breaks out in Bristol.

April 7 – The United States severs diplomatic relations with Iran and imposes economic sanctions, following the taking of American hostages on November 4, 1979.

April 10 – In Lisbon, Portugal, the governments of Spain and the United Kingdom agree to reopen the border between Gibraltar and Spain in 1985, closed since 1969.

April 12 Samuel Kanyon Doe takes over Liberia in a coup d'état, ending over 130 years of democratic presidential succession in that country. Terry Fox begins his Marathon of Hope from St. Johns, Newfoundland, Canada.

April 18 – Zimbabwe gains de jure independence from the United Kingdom; Robert Mugabe becomes Prime Minister.

April 24 – 25 – Operation Eagle Claw, a commando mission in Iran to rescue American embassy hostages, is aborted after mechanical problems ground the rescue helicopters. Eight United States troops are killed in a mid-air collision during the failed operation.

April 25 – Dan-Air Flight 1008 crashes in Tenerife, killing all 146 occupants and marking the worst air disaster involving a British-registered aircraft in terms of loss of life.

April 26 – Louise and Charmian Faulkner disappear from outside their flat in St Kilda, Victoria, Australia.

April 27 – The Dominican embassy siege ends with all hostages released and the guerrillas flying to Cuba.

April 30 Iranian Embassy siege: Six Iranian-born terrorists take over the Iranian embassy in London, England. SAS retakes the Embassy on May 5; one terrorist survives.

Law amendments

Land mark judgements

STATE OF JAMMU & KASHMIR VS. SANAULLAH MIR (1st April 1980)

STATE OF KERALA & ORS. ETC. VS. T.N. PETER & ANR. ETC. (1st April 1980)

THE ISHWARI KHETAN SUGAR MILLS (P) LTD. & ANOTHER ETC. VS. THE STATE OF UTTAR PRADESH & ORS. ETC (2nd April 1980)

BHIMRAO ANNA INGAWALE AND OTHERS VS. STATE OF MAHARASHTRA (2nd April 1980)

HARI DATT KAINTHLA & ANR. VS. STATE OF HIMACHAL PRADESH & ORS.(9th April 1980)

GURBAKSH SINGH SIBBIA ETC. VS. STATE OF PUNJAB (9th April 1980)

SULTAN AHMD. OWASI VS. MOHD. OSMAN SHAHEED AND ORS. (10th April 1980)

RAJENDRA NARAIN SINGH AND OTHERS VS. STATE OF BIHAR AND OTHERS (10th April 1980)

AMRIK SINGH AND ORS. VS. UNION OF INDIA AND ORS. (11th April 1980)

HARJEET SINGH ETC. VS. UNION OF INDIA AND ORS. (11th April 1980)

NEPAL SINGH VS. STATE OF U.P. AND ORS. (15th April 1980)

MAIMOONA KHATUN AND ANR. VS. STATE OF U.P. AND ANR. (16th April 1980)

KAMAL KANTI DUTTA AND ORS. VS. UNION OF INDIA AND ORS. (23rd April 1980)

UNION OF INDIA VS. J. K. GAS PLANT (29th April 1980)

RAJA MALLAIAH AND ANR. VS. ANIL KISHORE AND ORS. (25th April 1980)

Birthday

April 1 Randy Orton, American professional wrestler and actor Bijou Phillips, American actress Yūko Takeuchi, Japanese actress

April 3 - Trevor Moore, American actor and comedian

April 8 Ben Freeman, British actor Carrie Savage, American actress and voice actress

April 9 Rachel Specter, American actress Arlen Escarpeta, Belizean actor

April 10 Sean Avery, Canadian ice hockey player Kasey Kahne, American race car driver Charlie Hunnam, English actor

April 11 – Mark Teixeira, American baseball player

April 14 Ayumi Ito, Japanese actress Tom Franco, American actor

April 15 Natalie Casey, English actress Futoshi Uehara, Japanese musician

April 16 Samir Javadzadeh, Azerbaijani singer Paul London, American professional wrestler

April 18 – Justin Amash, American politician

April 20 Vibeke Skofterud, Norwegian cross country skier (d. 2018) Jasmin Wagner, German singer Waylon, Dutch singer

April 21 Tony Romo, American football player Vincent Lecavalier, Canadian hockey player

April 22 – Nicolas Douchez, French footballer

April 24 Austin Nichols, American actor Karen Asrian, Armenian chess Grandmaster (d. 2008) Reagan Gomez-Preston, American actress and voice actress

April 25 Lee Spick, English snooker player (d. 2015) Daniel MacPherson, Australian actor Kazuhito Tadano, Japanese baseball player

April 26 Jordana Brewster, American actress Marlon King, Jamaican footballer Channing Tatum, American actor and model

April 27 – Zayed Khan, Indian actor

April 30 – Luis Scola, Argentine basketball player

Deathday/Demise

Apr 11 Charlotte Henry, dies

Apr 11 Florence Lake, American actress (Edgar Kennedy shorts), dies at 75

Apr 12 William R Tolbert Jr, Liberian President & 27 others killed in coup

Apr 13 Markus Höttinger, Austrian racing driver (b. 1956)

Apr 14 Tom Fadden, actor (Duffeild-Broken Arrow, Cimarron City), dies at 84

Apr 15 Jean-Paul Sartre, existentialist philosopher and writer (Nobel 1964), dies in Paris at 74

Apr 30 Mary McCarty, American actress and singer (Babes in Toyland, Trapper John MD), dies of a heart attack at 56

Apr 30 Luis Muñoz Marín, Puerto Rican poet, journalist, and politician (b. 1898)

Anniversary

Legal News

May 1 – "About that Urban Renaissance...", an article by journalist Dan Rottenberg in Chicago, contains the first recorded use of the word "yuppie".

May 2 – Referendum on system of government held in Nepal.

May 4 – Yugoslav President Josip Broz Tito dies. The largest state funeral in history is organized, with state delegations from 128 different countries out of 154 UNO members at the time.

May 7 – Paul Geidel, convicted of second-degree murder in 1911, is released from prison in Beacon, New York, after 68 years and 245 days (the longest-ever time served by an inmate).

May 8 – Global eradication of smallpox certified by the World Health Organization.

May 9 In Florida, the Liberian freighter Summit Venture hits the Sunshine Skyway Bridge over Tampa Bay. A 1,400 feet (430 m) section of the bridge collapses and 35 people (most in a bus) are killed. The Norco shootout takes place in California. James Alexander George Smith "Jags" McCartney the Turks and Caicos Islands’ first Chief Minister, is killed in a plane crash over New Jersey.

May 11 – American mobster Henry Hill is arrested for drug possession.

May 14 – The Sumpul River massacre occurs in Chalatenango, El Salvador.

May 16 – Rookie Magic Johnson scores 42 points to lead the Los Angeles Lakers to a 123–107 victory over the Philadelphia 76ers to clinch the National Basketball Association championship for the Lakers, who prevail despite the absence of future Basketball Hall of Fame center Kareem Abdul-Jabbar.

May 17 A Tampa, Florida court acquits four white police officers of killing Arthur McDuffie, a black insurance executive, provoking three days of race riots in Miami. Internal conflict in Peru: On the eve of presidential elections, Maoist guerrilla group Shining Path attacks a polling location in the town of Chuschi, Ayacucho.

May 18 The 1980 eruption of Mount St. Helens volcano in Washington (state) kills 57 and causes US$3 billion in damage. Ian Curtis, singer-songwriter of acclaimed English post-punk band Joy Division, is found hanged.

May 18 – 27 – Gwangju Uprising: Students in Gwangju, South Korea begin demonstrations, calling for democratic reforms.

May 20 – 1980 Quebec referendum: Voters in Quebec reject by a vote of 60% a proposal to seek independence from Canada.

May 21 – The Empire Strikes Back is released in the United States.

May 22 – Pac-Man, the best-selling arcade game of all time, is released in Japan.

May 24 The International Court of Justice calls for the release of U.S. Embassy hostages in Tehran. The New York Islanders win their first Stanley Cup, from a goal by Bobby Nystrom in Game 6 overtime of the 1980 Stanley Cup Finals over the Philadelphia Flyers.

May 25 – Indianapolis 500: Johnny Rutherford wins for a third time in car owner Jim Hall's revolutionary ground effect Chaparral car; the victory is Hall's second as an owner.

May 26 John Frum supporters in Vanuatu storm government offices on the island of Tanna. Vanuatu government troops land the next day and drive them away. In South Korea, military government forces and pro-democracy protesters clash; 2,000 protesters die.

Law amendments

Land mark judgements

BAR COUNCIL OF DELHI AND ANR. ETC VS. SURJEET SINGH AND ORS. ETC. ETC. (1st May 1980)

VISHNU AWATAR ETC. VS. SHIV AUTAR AND ORS. (2nd May 1980)

RAJENDRA KUMAR JAIN ETC.VS. STATE THROUGH SPECIAL POLICE ESTABLISHMENT AND ORS. ETC.ETC (2nd May 1980)

TARA PRASAD SINGH ETC. ETC. VS. UNION OF INDIA & OTHERS (7th May 1980)

SHALIMAR ROPE WORKS LTD. VS. ABDUL HUSSAIN H. M. HASAN BHAI RASSIWALA AND ORS. (7th May 1980)

COMMISSIONER OF INCOME TAX, PATIALA VS. PIARA SINGH (8th May 1980)

STATE OF UTTAR PRADESH VS. ATA MOHD. (8th May 1980)

DELHI CLOTH AND GENERAL MILLS CO. LTD. VS. STATE OF RAJASTHAN AND ORS. (8th May 1980)

AMBIKA PRASAD MISHRA ETC. VS.STATE OF U.P. AND ORS. ETC.( 9th May 1980)

NISHI MAGHU ETC. ETC. VS. STATE OF JAMMU AND KASHMIR AND ORS. (9th May 1980)

WAMAN RAO & ORS. ETC. ETC. VS. UNION OF INDIA AND ORS. (9th May 1980)

Birthday

May 1 – Ana Claudia Talancón, Mexican actress

May 2 Tim Borowski, German footballer Ellie Kemper, American actress and comedian Zat Knight, English footballer

May 3 – Marcel Vigneron, American chef

May 5 Maia Hirasawa, Swedish pop singer Yossi Benayoun, Israeli footballer Hank Green, American entrepreneur, musician, educator, producer and vlogger

May 6 Kelly van der Veer, Dutch reality TV star Dimitris Diamantidis, Greek basketball player

May 7 – Johan Kenkhuis, Dutch swimmer

May 8 – Benny Yau, Canadian entertainer

May 9 Grant Hackett, Australian swimmer Carolin Kebekus, German comedian and actress Norihiro Nishi, Japanese footballer David S. Shaw, American actor

May 10 – Pete Gray, Australian environmental activist (d. 2011)

May 15 – Josh Beckett, American baseball player

May 17 – Alistair Overeem, Dutch mixed martial artist and kickboxer

May 18 – Ali Zafar, Pakistani music composer, singer-songwriter, painter and actor

May 19 Drew Fuller, American actor and model Dean Heffernan, Australian footballer

May 21 – Gotye, Belgian-Australian multi-instrumentalist and singer-songwriter

May 22 Lucy Gordon, British actress (d. 2009) Evelin Võigemast, Estonian actress and singer

May 24 – Cecilia Cheung, Hong Kong actress

May 28 Mark Feehily, Irish singer Jørgen Strickert, Norwegian comedian

May 29 – Michael Stasko, Canadian actor

May 30 – Steven Gerrard, English footballer

Deathday/Demise

May 4 Josip Broz Tito, Yugoslav communist revolutionary and leader of Yugoslavia (1943-80), dies at 87

May 5 Edmond Vandercammen, Belgian writer/poet (Grand Combat), dies at 79

May 12 Lillian Roth [Rutstein], American singer and actress (Animal Crackers, Alice Sweet Alice), dies at 69

May 14 Hugh Griffith, Welsh actor (Ben-Hur, Mutiny on the Bounty, Oliver!), dies from a heart attack at 67

May 14 Wilhelm Weismann, German composer, dies at 79

May 18 Ian Curtis, English rock vocalist (Joy Division), commits suicide at 23

May 18 Reid Blackburn, a photojournalist for National Geographic was also a victim of Mount St. Helens eruption (b. 1952)

May 20 Jack Walsh, Australian cricket china bowler (didn't represent Australia), dies at 67

May 21 Ida Kaminska, actress (Shop on Main Street), dies

May 28 Rolf Nevanlinna, Finnish mathematician (b. 1895)

May 30 Carl Radle, bassist (Derek & Dominoes), dies of a kidney ailment

Anniversary

May 1 Zaire President Mobutu Sese Seko (49) weds Bobi Ladawa

May 22 Actress Marlo Thomas & talk host Phil Donahue marry

May 27 President of Haiti Jean-Claude Duvalier (28) weds Michele Bennett in Haiti

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