Are injured footballers pressurized to play?
From Advocatespedia, The Law Encyclopedia
Decisions will be made to the best of the referee`s ability according to the Laws of the Game and the spirit of the game and will be based on the opinion of the referee who has the discretion to take appropriate action within the framework of the Laws of the Game. The referee allows the play to continue when the team against which the offense is committed will benefit from such an advantage and penalize an original offence if the anticipated advantage does not ensue at the time.
|Are injured footballers pressurized to play?|
The Laws of the Game (LOTG) specifies certain rules and law relating to football These are some codified rules which helps to define association football Some of them are listed as below :
1) Law 1: Field of Play
2) Law 2: The ball
3) Law 3: The players
4) Law 4: The players equipment
5) Law 5 : TheReferee
6) Law 6 : The other match officials
7) Law 7: The Duration of the Match
8) Law 8: The start and restart of play
9) Law 9: Ball in and out of play
10) Law 10: Determining the outcome of the match
11) Law 11: Offside
12) Law 12: Fouls and Misconduct
13) Law 13: Free kicks (direct and indirect)
14) Law 14: The Penalty Kick
15) Law 15: The Throw-in
16) Law 16: The Goal Kick
17) Law 17: The Corner Kick
(IFAB) The International football association board depicts the laws of game of 2018/19 ( revised)
Elements to the case:
The above case relates to Law 5 : The Referee, whichrelates to the authority and decision of the referees. The refereeenforces the Laws of the Gamecontrols the match in cooperation with the other match officialsacts as timekeeper, keeps a record of the match and provides the appropriate authorities with a match report, including information on disciplinary action and any other incidents that occurred before, during or after the matchsupervises and/or indicates the restart of play.
The referee stops the match, if in his opinion, a player is seriously injured and ensures that he is removed from the field of play . An injured player only return to the field of play afterthe match has restarted.
The referee may give permission for an injured playerto return to the field of play if an assistant referee orthe fourth official verifies that the player is ready.
As per Rule 5, once the referee has decided to issue a card to a playerwho is injured and has to leave the field of play fortreatment, the referee shall issue the card before theplayer leaves the field of play. If the referee has decided to caution or send off a player who is injured and has to leave the field of play for treatment, the card must be shown before the player leaves So any player on the field who is playing is not pressurized by the referee or any other individual to play the match.
All the decisionsare upon the Referee to treat with the player as per Rule 5 of the act.
If play has not been stopped for another reason, or if an injury suffered by a player is not the result of an offence, play is restarted with a dropped ball Well if any player, in other case stated above, The referee has the final decision as to when the player can return.
Exceptions to rule 5 states :
a goalkeeper is injured
1)A goalkeeper and an outfield player have collided andneed immediate attention
2) A severe injury has occurred, e.g. swallowed tongue,concussion, broken leg
Case Summary Reference :
Vicarious Liability and Likely Damages
Ben Collett (Manchester United FC) v Gary Smith &Middlesborough FC (2008)
18 year old Collett was playing for Manchester United in a match against Middlesbrough FC. In the course of the game, he was tackled by the first defendant. The tackle was high and over the ball and, as a result, Collett sustained a fracture of the tibia and fibula of his right leg.
Collett pursued damages for injury, loss and damage caused by the negligence of Smith. Collett chose to pursue Middlesbrough FC (rather than Smith himself) arguing that they were liable for their employee’s actions, given that he was connected to the club and acting in the course of his employment as a professional footballer. In particular, Collett claimed for future loss of earnings as a result of not being able to pursue a successful career as a professional footballer and thereafter, as a football manager or coach.
Middlesborough FC admitted liability and it was for the Court to determine the final settlement figure.
Award in excess of £4.3 million including:
General Damages: £35,000
Past Loss of Earnings: £456,095
Future Loss of Earnings: £3,854,328
Deliberate Intention to Injure:
Where there is intention to apply unlawful force on the part of the assailant there can, in rare circumstances, be a civil action for trespass to the person, for assault and battery.
In Alf IngeHaaland (Manchester City) v Roy Keane & Manchester United FC, Haaland was carried off the pitch at Old Trafford, in 2002, after a tackle by Keane, whereby he trampled on Haaland’s knee. By 2003, Haaland was forced to retire from football after being unable to play a full 90 minutes - claimed to be a as a result of the knee injury. In an autobiography by Keane, he alleged that the tackle had been an intentional one and that prompted Haaland and Manchester City to pursue legal action. However, it later emerged that in fact the knee had been causing problems even prior to the tackle which led to Haaland admitting that the tackle was not the root of the problem.