Banking Regulation Act, 1949

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Section 1

Section 1 - Short title, extent and commencement.

Section 2

Section 2 - Application of other laws not barred.

Section 3

Section 3 - Act to apply to co-operative societies in certain cases

Section 4

Section 4 - Power to suspend operation of Act.

Section 5

Section-5 - Interpretation Section-5(A) - Act to override memorandum, articles, etc

Section 6

Section 6 - Form and business in which banking companies may engage

Section 7

Section 7 - Use of words “bank”, “banker”, “banking” or “banking company”

Section 8

Section 8 - Prohibition of trading

Section 9

Section 9- Disposal of non-banking assets

Section 10

Section 10 - Prohibition of employment of Managing agents and restrictions on certain forms of employment. Section 10A - Board of Directors to include persons with professional or other experience Section 10B - Banking company to be managed by whole time Chairman Section 10BB - Power of Reserve Bank to appoint Chairman of the Board of Directors appointed on a whole-time basis or a Managing Director of a banking company Section 10C - Chairman and certain Directors not to be required to hold qualification shares Section 10D - Provisions of sections 10A and 10B to override all other laws, contracts, etc

Section 11

Section 11 - Requirement as to minimum paid-up capital and reserves.

Section 12

Section 12 - Regulation of paid-up capital, subscribed capital and authorised capital and voting rights of shareholders Section 12A - Election of new Directors Section 12B – Regulation of acquisition of shares or voting rights

Section 13

Section 13 - Restriction on commission, brokerage, discount, etc. on sale of shares

Section 14

Section 14 - Prohibition of charge on unpaid capital. Section 14A - Prohibition of floating charge on assets.

Section 15

Section 15 - Restrictions as to payment of dividend

Section 16

Section 16 - Prohibition of common Directors

Section 17

Section 17 - Reserve Fund

Section 18

Section 18 - Cash reserve

Section 19

Section 19 - Restriction on nature of subsidiary companies

Section 20

Section 20 - Restrictions on loans and advances Section 20A - Restrictions on power to remit debts

Section 21

Section 21 - Power of Reserve Bank to control advances by banking companies Section 21A - Rates of interest charged by banking companies not to be subject to scrutiny by courts.

Section 22

Section 22 - Licensing of banking companies

Section 23

Section 23 - Restrictions on opening of new, and transfer of existing, places of business

Section 24

Section 24 - Maintenance of a percentage of assets

Section 25

Section 25 - Assets in India

Section 26

Section 26 - Return of unclaimed deposits Section 26A - Establishment of Depositor Education and Awareness Fund

Section 27

Section 27 - Monthly returns and power to call for other returns and information

Section 28

Section 28 - Power to publish information

Section 29

Section 29 - Accounts and balance-sheet Section 29A - Power in respect of associate enterprises

Section 30

Section 30 - Audit.

Section 31

Section 31 - Submission of returns

Section 32

Section 32 - Copies of balance-sheets and accounts to be sent to registrar

Section 33

Section 33 - Display of audited balance-sheet by companies incorporated outside India

Section 34

Section 34 - Accounting provisions of this Act not retrospective Section 34A - Production of documents of confidential nature

Section 35

Section 35 - Inspection Section 35A - Power of the Reserve Bank to give directions Section 35 AA – Power of Central Government to authorize Reserve Bank for issuing directions to banking companies to initiate insolvency resolution process Section 35AB- Power of Reserve Bank to issue directions in respect of stressed assets Section 35B - Amendments of provisions relating to appointments of Managing Directors, etc., to be subject to previous approval of the Reserve Bank

Section 36

Section 36 - Further powers and functions of Reserve Bank Section 36A - Certain provisions of the Act not to apply to certain banking companies Section 36AA - Power of Reserve Bank to remove managerial and other persons from office Section 36AB - Power of Reserve Bank to appoint additional Directors Section 36AC - Part IIA to override other laws Section 36ACA - Supersession of Board of Directors in certain cases Section 36AD - Punishments for certain activities in relation to banking companies Section 36AE - Power of Central Government to acquire undertakings of banking companies in certain cases Section 36AF - Power of the Central Government to make scheme Section 36AG - Compensation to be given to shareholders of the acquired bank Section 36AH - Constitution of the Tribunal Section 36AI - Tribunal to have powers of a civil court Section 36AJ - Procedure of the Tribunal Section 36B - High Court defined

Section 37

Section 37 - Suspension of business

Section 38

Section 38 - Winding up by High Court Section 38A - Court liquidator

Section 39

Section 39 - Reserve Bank to be official liquidator Section 39A - Application of Companies Act to liquidators

Section 40

Section 40 - Stay of proceedings

Section 41

Section 41- Preliminary report by official liquidator Section 41A - Notice to preferential claimants and secured and unsecured creditors

Section 42

Section 42 - Power to dispense with meetings of creditors, etc

Section 43

Section 43 - Booked depositors' credits to be deemed proved Section 43A - Preferential payments to depositors

Section 44

Section 44 - Powers of High Court in voluntary winding up Section 44A - Procedure for amalgamation of banking companies Section 44B - Restriction on compromise or arrangement between banking company and creditors

Section 45

Section 45 - Power of Reserve Bank to apply to Central Government for suspension of business by a banking company and to prepare scheme of reconstitution or amalgamation. Section 45A - Part III A to override other laws Section 45B - Power of High Court to decide all claims in respect of banking companies Section 45C - Transfer of pending proceedings Section 45D - Settlement of list of debtors Section 45E - Special provisions to make calls on contributories Section 45F - Documents of banking company to be evidence Section 45G - Public examination of Directors and auditors Section 45H - Special provisions for assessing damages against delinquent Directors, etc Section 45I - Duty of Directors and officers of banking company to assist in the realisation of property Section 45J - Special provisions for punishing offences in relation to banking companies being wound up Section 45K – [Repealed] Section 45L - Public examination of Directors and auditors, etc., in respect of a banking company under schemes of arrangement Section 45M - Special provisions for banking companies working under schemes of arrangement at the commencement of the Amendment Act Section 45N - Appeals Section 45O - Special period of limitation Section 45P - Reserve Bank to tender advice in winding up proceedings Section 45Q - Power to Inspect Section 45R - Power to call for returns and information Section 45S - Chief Presidency Magistrate and District Magistrate to assist official liquidator in taking charge of property of banking company being wound up Section 45T - Enforcement of orders and decisions of High Court Section 45U - Power of High Court to make rules Section 45V - References to Directors, etc., shall be construed as including references to past Directors, etc Section 45W - Part II not to apply to banking companies being wound up Section 45X - Validation of certain proceedings Section 45Y - Power of Central Government to make rules for the preservation of records Section 45Z - Return of paid instruments to customers Section 45ZA - Nomination for payment of depositors' money Section 45ZB - Notice of claims of other persons regarding deposits not receivable Section 45ZC - Nomination for return of articles kept in safe custody with banking company Section 45ZD - Notice of claims of other persons regarding articles not receivable Section 45ZE - Release of contents of safety lockers Section 45ZF - Notice of claims of other persons regarding safety lockers not receivable

Section 46

Section 46 - Penalties Section 46A - Chairman, Director, etc., to be public servants for the purposes of Chapter IX of the Indian Penal Code

Section 47

Section 47 - Cognizance of offences Section 47A - Power of Reserve Bank to impose penalty

Section 48

Section 48 - Application of fines

Section 49

Section 49 - Special provisions for private banking companies Section 49A - Restriction on acceptance of deposits withdrawable by cheque Section 49B - Change of name by a banking company Section 49C - Alteration of memorandum of a banking company

Section 50

Section 50 - Certain claims for compensation barred

Section 51

Section 51 - Application of certain provisions to the State Bank of India and other notified banks

Section 52

Section 52 - Power of Central Government to make rules

Section 53

Section 53 - Power to exempt in certain cases

Section 54

Section 54 - Protection of action taken under the Act

Section 55

Section 55 - Amendment of Act 2 of 1934 Section 55A - Power to remove difficulties

Section 56

Section 56 - Act to apply to co-operative societies subject to modifications