Portal:International law

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International Law portal

Body of legal rules governing interaction between sovereign states (Public International Law) and the rights and the duties of the citizens of sovereign states towards the citizens of other sovereign states (Private International Law). Since there has never been a law making body for international law, it has been built up piecemeal through accords, agreements, charters, compromises, conventions, memorandums, protocols, treaties, tribunals, understandings etc. The statute of the International Court of Justice (judicial arm of the UN which has no enforcement power, and can adjudicate only where both sides agree to abide by its decisions) states the basis on which it adjudicates cases before it as:

(a) international conventions, whether general or particular, establishing rules expressly recognized by the contesting states

(b) international custom, as evidence of a general practice accepted as law

(c) the general principles of law recognised by civilized nations.

It is not a 'World Law' but law between consenting sovereign states ( each government can decide which law it will adhere to or not) and has not been able to solve the problems of inter-state aggression, conflict, terrorism andd war. Despite its limited applicability, however, it has played a vital role over the centuries in developing a system of procedures and rules in areas (such as air, land, sea, outer-space, himan rights) where one state's existence impinges that of the others. The General Assembly of the UN is entrusted with developing international law. Also called law of nations.(Learn more)

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  1. Sources of international law
  2. Theory of international law
  3. ILC law of responsibility
  4. Relationship between international law and municipal law
  5. International personality: states
  6. International organizations
  7. Individuals
  8. Recognition
  9. Legal effects of Recognition
  10. Territory
  11. Modes of acquiring and losing territory
  12. Nationality: modes of acquiring and losing it
  13. Legal importance of nationality
  14. Difference between nationality and citizenship
  15. Extradition
  16. Asylum
  17. Difference between territorial and diplomatic asylum
  18. Means of dispute settlement: peaceful and coercive
  19. Law of the sea
  20. Diplomatic immunity
  21. ICJ Chagos Island advisory opinion
  22. Nuclear weapon ban treaty
  23. British ICJ judge not re-elected
  24. US Syria attck
  25. Blockade of Qatar
  26. State jurisdiction
  27. State succession
  28. State responsibility
  29. ICJ Statute Article 38
  30. The legality of threat or the use of nuclear weapon
  31. Montevideo convention on rights and duties of States
  32. International courts and tribunals: adjudication and arbitration
  33. Statehood
  34. Article 51 of UN charter
  35. The prohibition on the use of force and the right of Self-Defence at international level
  36. The doctrine of Humanitarian Intervention and the responsibility to protect
  37. The use of force in Kuwait in 1991 and in Iraq in 2003
  38. The use of force in Libya in 2013
  39. The use of force in Afghanistan in 2001
  40. The situation of Syria 2011-2014
  41. Intervention in Internal Armed Conflicts
  42. How universal has modern international law been
  43. Can treaties provide evidence of state practice and opinio juris
  44. The Rainbow Warrior Arbitration Case
  45. Asylum case
  46. Scotia case
  47. Lotus v. Boz-kourt
  48. Northsea continental shelf case
  49. Anglo Norwegian fisheries case
  50. Terrorism
  51. Responsibility of state for wrongful act
  52. Intervention in international law
  53. The role of ICJ
  54. The doctrine on principle of Non Intervention
  55. International organizations and governance
  56. Hijacking
  57. Laws of war
  58. Means for the settlement of an international dispute
  59. Statelessness
  60. Human Rights and Armed Conflict
  61. China and the International Human Rights System
  62. International Fugitives: A New Role for the International Court of Justice
  63. The Abolition of the Death Penalty in International Law
  64. Failings of the International Court of Justice
  65. Politics and the Emergence of an Activist International Court of Justice
  66. Wall of Reason: Alan Dershowitz V. the International Court of Justice
  67. International Environmental Law-Making and the International Court of Justice
  68. Territorial Disputes at the International Court of Justice
  69. International Court of Justice as a Forum for Genocide Cases
  70. Emergence of New States in Africa and Territorial Dispute Resolution: The Role of the International Court of Justice
  71. The Permanent Court of International Justice, 1920-1942
  72. Keeping the Covenant: American Internationalists and the League of Nations, 1920-1939
  73. Fairness in International Law and Institutions
  74. The International Criminal Court: Challenges to Achieving Justice and Accountability in the 21st Century
  75. The International Criminal Court: Seeking Global Justice
  76. Whose Crime Is It Anyway? the International Criminal Court and the Crime of Aggression
  77. The Sentencing Provisions of the International Criminal Court
  78. From Nuremberg to the Hague: The Future of International Criminal Justice
  79. The International Criminal Court and the Limits of Global Judicialization
  80. Defending the Society of States: Why America Opposes the International Criminal Court and Its Vision of World Society
  81. Navigating Law and Politics: The Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court and the Independent Counsel
  82. Elements of War Crimes under the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court: Sources and Commentary
  83. The International Criminal Court and the Political Economy of Antitreaty Discourse
  84. Courting the Rule of Law? the International Criminal Court and Global Terrorism
  85. Why the International Criminal Court Must Pretend to Ignore Politics
  86. The Constitutionality of the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court
  87. High Crimes and Misconceptions: The ICC and Non-Party States
  88. Justice, Legitimacy, and Self-Determination: Moral Foundations for International Law
  89. Between Equal Rights: A Marxist Theory of International Law
  90. The Right of Conquest: The Acquisition of Territory by Force in International Law and Practice
  91. Three Ways to Leave the INF Treaty
  92. U.S. Withdrawal From the INF Treaty: The Facts and the Law
  93. The Khashoggi Murder: How Mohammed Bin Salman Underestimated International Law
  94. Beyond National Jurisdiction: Human Activities in Oceans, Polar Regions, Cyberspace and Outer Space
  95. Atrocity prevention: the Role of International Law and Justice
  96. Treaties and Irrelevance: Understanding Iran’s Suit Against the U.S. for Reimposing Nuclear Sanctions
  97. What to Make of the ICJ's Provisional Measures in Iran v. U.S. (Nuclear Sanctions Case)
  98. Thoughts on the ICJ’s Decision in Iran v United States and the Trump Administration’s Treaty Withdrawals
  99. The Council of Europe’s Parliamentary Assembly Takes on the Legal Challenges of Hybrid Warfare
  100. The Council of Europe’s Parliamentary Assembly Takes on the Legal Challenges of Hybrid Warfare
  101. Syria Strike: legitimacy and lawfullness


Gulf War (1991) or Iraqi Invasion and Annexation of Kuwait

Kurd's Problem and the Legality of the Action Taken by America and the United Nations

State Liability for acts of Multinational Enterprise or Corporation Bhopal Gas Leak Disaster

The Questions of Nambian Independence

Formal Suspension or near end of operation of Trusteeship Council

Global warming, Depletion of Ozone Layer etc. (Global Warming : Global Warning)

Need for Enlargement of Security Council

Earth Summit (1992)

Torture of Indian Diplomat in Pakistan

U.N’s. Sanctions against Libya-Lockerbie case

Vienna Declaration of Human Rights and Programme of Action for 21st Century (June, 1993)

National Commission on Human Rights

Division of Czechoslovakia into two Independent Republics

Crisis in Somalia (1991-94)

Establishment of U.N. High Commissioner for Human Rights

Crisis in Former Yugoslavia, 'Ethnic Cleansing' in Bosnia- Herzegovina etc. (1991 -94)

End of Aparthied in South Africa

Russia-Chenchnya Conflict and Dagestan War

Establishment of the International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea

Establishment of World Trade Organisation (WTO)

Establishment of International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda

Legality of the use by a State of Nuclear Weapons in Armed Conflict—Request for Advisory Opinion by WHO

Legality of the Threat or Use of Nuclear Weapons—Request for Advisory Opinion by the General Assembly.

Yishaka v. State of Rajasthan

Apparel Promotion Council v. A. K. Chopra

Eastward Expansion of NATO

Russia-China Border Pact (November 1997)

Kyoto Environmental Summit on Global Warming (Dec. 1-11, 1997)

Conference to review the Implementation of the Decision taken at Rio Earth Summit of 1992 (June 1997)

The Asylum Case (Columbia v. Peru), ICJ Rep. (1950)

The Caroline (1841)

[[The Donnelly Case [AJIL Vol. 68 (1974)]]

The Franciska (1855)

The Free Zones of Upper Savoy and the District of Gex, PCIJ (1932)

Series A, No. 22

The Glenroy, (1954) AC

The Interhandel Case, ICJ (1959)

The Kim, (1915)

The Magellam Pirates (1853)

The Maria (1805)

The Scuttled U. Boats Case, (1940) 1 Law Reports of Trials of Criminals

The Temple of Preah Vihear (Merits) (Cambodia v. Thailand), ICJ Rep.m (1962)

Tinoco Arbitration (Great Britain v. Costa Rica), 1923

Tokyo Trial

[[Trial Smelter Arbitral Award (U.S. v. Canada)]]

Tunis and Morocco Nationality Decrees, PCIJ (1923) Series B, No. 4

Underhill v. Hernandez, (1897)

Union of India v. Sukumar Sen Gupta, (Tin Bigha Case) (1990)

Union Carbide Corporation v. Union of India, AIR 1992 SC

U.S. v. Canada, Val. 35 AJIL (1941)

U.S. v. Pink (1942)

U.S. v. Rauscher (1886)

U.S. v. Schooner

U.S. v. Smith (1820)

United States Diplomatic and Consular Staff in Tehran (U.S. v. Tehran) (1980)

Vishaka v. State of Rajasthan, AIR 1997 SC 3011

[[Wahl v. A.G., (1932) 147 LT 382 164

Wenhoft v. Federal Republic of Germany, (1968)

[[Western Sahara Case, ICJ Rep. (1975) 279

West Rand Central Gold Mining Co. v. King, (1905)

Zeiss Case, (1967)

Zamora (1916)




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