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A lawyer is someone who is licensed to practice law, and whose obligation it is to uphold the law while also protecting their client's rights. Some duties commonly associated with a lawyer include: providing legal advice and counsel, researching and gathering information or evidence, drawing up legal documents related to divorces, wills, contracts and real estate transactions, and prosecuting or defending in court.

The exact terminology for the word "lawyer" varies throughout the world. Attorney, counsel, barrister or solicitor are all various names given to lawyers. The origin of the profession dates back to ancient Greece, when orators spoke on behalf of friends or citizens at their request. Although they acted as legal counsel, according to Athenian law, orators could not be paid for their services, nor could they organize themselves as a legal profession. The earliest lawyers in ancient Rome, around 204 BC, received payment for their services when Emperor Claudius legalized the profession and lifted the ban on fees.

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In this month Birthday

1732 – William Cushing, American lawyer and judge (d. 1810)

1760 – François Buzot, French lawyer and politician (d. 1794)

1918 – João Goulart, Brazilian lawyer and politician, 24th President of Brazil (d. 1976)

1921 – Cameron Argetsinger, American race car driver and lawyer (d. 2008)

1927 – Robert Bork, American lawyer and scholar, United States Attorney General (d. 2012)

1944 – John Breaux, American lawyer and politician

1815 – Georgetown University's congressional charter is signed into law by President James Madison.

1705 – William Murray, 1st Earl of Mansfield, Scottish lawyer, judge, and politician, Chancellor of the Exchequer (d. 1793)

1769 – DeWitt Clinton, American lawyer and politician, 6th Governor of New York (d. 1828)

1816 – Alexander Bullock, American lawyer and politician, 26th Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1882)

1829 – Carl Schurz, German-American general, lawyer, and politician, 13th United States Secretary of the Interior (d. 1906)

1849 – Robert Means Thompson, American commander, lawyer, and businessman (d. 1930)

1862 – John Jay Chapman, American lawyer, author, and poet (d. 1933)

1931 – Mikhail Gorbachev, Russian lawyer and politician, President of the Soviet Union, Nobel Prize laureate

1938 – Ricardo Lagos, Chilean economist, lawyer, and politician, 33rd President of Chile

1938 – Lawrence Payton, American singer-songwriter and producer (d. 1997)

1953 – Russ Feingold, American lawyer and politician

1955 – Ken Salazar, American lawyer and politician, 50th United States Secretary of the Interior

1966 – Simon Reevell, English lawyer and politician

1866 – Fred A. Busse, American lawyer and politician, 39th Mayor of Chicago (d. 1914)

1911 – Hugues Lapointe, Canadian lawyer and politician, 22nd Lieutenant Governor of Quebec (d. 1982)

1927 – Pierre Aubert, Swiss lawyer and politician (d. 2016)

1973 – Xavier Bettel, Luxembourger lawyer and politician, Prime Minister of Luxembourg

1651 – John Somers, 1st Baron Somers, English lawyer, jurist, and politician, Lord High Chancellor of Great Britain (d. 1716)

1817 – Edwards Pierrepont, American lawyer and politician, 34th United States Attorney General (d. 1892)

1881 – Thomas Sigismund Stribling, American lawyer and author (d. 1965)

1910 – Tancredo Neves, Brazilian lawyer and politician, Prime Minister of Brazil (d. 1985)

1918 – Kurt Dahlmann, German pilot, lawyer, and journalist (d. 2017)

1937 – William Deverell, Canadian lawyer, author, and activist

1941 – James Zagel, American lawyer and judge

1942 – James Gustave Speth, American lawyer and politician

1952 – Svend Robinson, American-Canadian lawyer and politician

1953 – Chris Smith, American lawyer and politician

1954 – François Fillon, French lawyer and politician, Prime Minister of France

1964 – Brian Crowley, Irish lawyer and politician

1967 – Ivan Lewis, English lawyer and politician, Shadow Secretary of State for Northern Ireland

1982 – Cate Edwards, American lawyer and author

1794 – Robert Cooper Grier, American lawyer and jurist (d. 1870)

1867 – Louis-Alexandre Taschereau, Canadian lawyer and politician, 14th Premier of Quebec (d. 1952)

1876 – Thomas Inskip, 1st Viscount Caldecote, English lawyer and politician, 8th Lord Chief Justice of England (d. 1947)

1912 – Jack Marshall, New Zealand colonel, lawyer, and politician, 28th Prime Minister of New Zealand (d. 1988)

1942 – Felipe González, Spanish lawyer and politician, Prime Minister of Spain

1949 – Franz Josef Jung, German lawyer and politician, German Federal Minister of Defence

1968 – Theresa Villiers, English lawyer and politician, Secretary of State for Northern Ireland

1871 – Afonso Costa, Portuguese lawyer and politician, 59th Prime Minister of Portugal (d. 1937)

1904 – José Antonio Aguirre, Spanish lawyer and politician, 1st President of the Basque Country (d. 1960)

1909 – Obafemi Awolowo, Nigerian lawyer and politician (d. 1987)

1924 – William H. Webster, American lawyer and jurist, 14th Director of Central Intelligence

1929 – Tom Foley, American lawyer and politician, 57th Speaker of the United States House of Representatives (d. 2013)

1932 – Marc Bazin, Haitian lawyer and politician, 49th President of Haiti (d. 2010)

1936 – Marion Barry, American lawyer and politician, 2nd Mayor of the District of Columbia (d. 2014)

1939 – Kit Bond, American lawyer and politician, 47th Governor of Missouri

1556 – Guillaume du Vair, French lawyer and author (d. 1621)

1671 – Rob Roy MacGregor, Scottish outlaw (d. 1734)

1850 – Champ Clark, American lawyer and politician, 41st Speaker of the United States House of Representatives (d. 1921)

1888 – Alidius Tjarda van Starkenborgh Stachouwer, Dutch lawyer and politician, Governor-General of the Dutch East Indies (d. 1978)

1965 - Devesh Kumar Das, Indian Lawyer from Madhubani

1841 – Oliver Wendell Holmes, Jr., American colonel, lawyer, and jurist (d. 1935)

1907 – Konstantinos Karamanlis, Greek lawyer and politician, 3rd President of Greece (d. 1998)

1945 – Jim Chapman, American lawyer and politician

1952 – George Allen, American lawyer and politician, 67th Governor of Virginia

1958 – Andy McDonald, English lawyer and politician

1820 – Samuel Blatchford, American lawyer and jurist (d. 1893)

1891 – José P. Laurel, Filipino lawyer and politician, 3rd President of the Philippines (d. 1959)

1923 – James L. Buckley, American lawyer, judge, and politician

1929 – Desmond Hoyte, Guyanese lawyer and politician, 3rd President of Guyana (d. 2002)

1937 – Bernard Landry, Canadian lawyer and politician, 28th Premier of Quebec

1949 – Neil Hamilton, Welsh lawyer and politician

1969 – Kimberly Guilfoyle, American lawyer and journalist

1590 – Dietrich Reinkingk, German lawyer and politician (d. 1664)

1810 – Samuel Ferguson, Irish poet and lawyer (d. 1886)

1900 – Pandelis Pouliopoulos, Greek lawyer and politician (d. 1943)

1916 – Davie Fulton, Canadian lawyer, judge, and politician (d. 2000)

1925 – Bob Lanier, American lawyer, banker, and politician, 58th Mayor of Houston (d. 2014)

1947 – Kim Campbell, Canadian lawyer and politician, 19th Prime Minister of Canada

1968 – Thio Li-ann, Singaporean lawyer and academic

1899 – James H. Douglas, Jr. American colonel, lawyer, and politician, 9th United States Deputy Secretary of Defense (d. 1988)

1903 – Lawrence Welk, American accordion player and bandleader (d. 1992)

1922 – Abdul Razak Hussein, Malaysian lawyer and politician, 2nd Prime Minister of Malaysia (d. 1976)

1925 – İlhan Selçuk, Turkish lawyer, journalist, and author (d. 2010)

1932 – Nigel Lawson, English journalist and politician, Chancellor of the Exchequer

1936 – Antonin Scalia, American lawyer and jurist, Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States (d. 2016)

1939 – Lorraine Hunt, American lawyer and politician, 32nd Lieutenant Governor of Nevada

1948 – Roy Barnes, American lawyer and politician, 80th Governor of Georgia

1954 – Gale Norton, American lawyer and politician, 48th United States Secretary of the Interior

1962 – Matt Mead, American lawyer and politician, 32nd Governor of Wyoming

1965 – Jesse Jackson, Jr., American lawyer and politician

1967 – Brad Carson, American lawyer and politician, United States Under Secretary of the Army

1968 – Stéphane Bédard, Canadian lawyer and politician

1821 – John Abbott, Canadian lawyer and politician, 3rd Prime Minister of Canada (d. 1893)

1869 – George Forbes, New Zealand lawyer and politician, 22nd Prime Minister of New Zealand (d. 1947)

1877 – Wilhelm Frick, German lawyer and politician, German Federal Minister of the Interior (d. 1946)

1908 – David Marshall, Singaporean lawyer and politician, 1st Chief Minister of Singapore (d. 1995)

1919 – Mike Stepovich, American lawyer and politician, Governor of the Territory of Alaska (d. 2014)

1923 – Joseph F. Weis, Jr., American lawyer and judge (d. 2014)

1926 – George Ariyoshi, American lawyer and politician, 3rd Governor of Hawaii

1927 – Raúl Alfonsín, Argentinian lawyer and politician, 46th President of Argentina (d. 2009)

1931 – Herb Kelleher, American lawyer and businessman, co-founded Southwest Airlines

1949 – David Mellor, English journalist, lawyer, and politician, Chief Secretary to the Treasury

1874 – Ellery Harding Clark, American jumper, coach, and lawyer (d. 1949)

1889 – Jüri Vilms, Estonian lawyer and politician (d. 1918)

1926 – Carlos Roberto Reina, Honduran lawyer and politician, President of Honduras (d. 2003)

1949 – Sian Elias, New Zealand lawyer and politician, 12th Chief Justice of New Zealand

1953 – Nicola Davies, Welsh lawyer and judge

1958 – Rick Lazio, American lawyer and politician

1813 – Joseph P. Bradley, American lawyer and jurist (d. 1892)

1854 – Thomas R. Marshall, American lawyer and politician, 28th Vice President of the United States of America (d. 1925)

1912 – W. Graham Claytor, Jr. American lieutenant, lawyer, and politician, 15th United States Secretary of the Navy (d. 1994)

1912 – W. Willard Wirtz, American lawyer and politician, 10th United States Secretary of Labor (d. 2010)

1947 – William J. Jefferson, American lawyer and politician

1971 – Charlie Elphicke, English lawyer and politician

1835 – John Henry Kagi, American lawyer and activist (d. 1859)

1851 – John Sebastian Little, American lawyer and politician, 21st Governor of Arkansas (d. 1916)

1905 – Berthold Schenk Graf von Stauffenberg, German lawyer and judge (d. 1944)

1933 – Ruth Bader Ginsburg, American lawyer and judge

1945 – A. K. Faezul Huq, Bangladeshi lawyer and politician (d. 2007)

1945 – Mark J. Green, American lawyer and politician




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