Reasons for cyber crime

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We are living in the modern era based on the technology. Our daily life depends on it, live with it. So, nowadays the internet is a common name known to everyone. The Internet contains everything we need. So, people are using and depending on it more and more. As internet usage is increasing day by day, it makes the world small; people are coming closer. Rapid technological growth and developments have provided vast areas of new opportunity and efficient sources for organizations of all sizes. It has become now a national asset, the whole national security is also depending on it. But these new technologies have also brought unprecedented threats with them a cybercrime. Cybercrime is a crime in which a computer is used for the crime like hacking, spamming, phishing etc.Cyber criminals use internet and computer technology to hack user’s personal computers, smartphone data, personal details from social media, business secrets, national secrets etc. Criminals who perform these illegal activities through the internet are called – Hackers. Though law enforcement agencies are trying to tackle this problem, it is growing regularly and many people have become victims of identity theft, hacking and malicious software. One of the best ways to stop these criminals and protect sensitive information is by making use of inscrutable security that uses a unified system of software and hardware to authenticate any information that is accessed over the Internet

HISTORY

The history and evolution of cybercrime are easy to track and coincide with evolution of internet himself. Cybercrime first started with hackers trying to break into computer networks. Some did it just for the thrill of accessing high-level security networks, but others sought to gain sensitive, classified material. Eventually, criminals started to infect computer systems with computer viruses, which led to breakdowns on personal and business computers.

While cybercrime existed before this, the first major wave of cybercrime came with the proliferation of email during the late 80’s. It allowed for a host of scams and/or malware to be delivered to your inbox. Remember the Nigerian Prince scam? “Greetings, I am a down-and-out prince from Nigeria. I need help getting millions out of my country and all you have to do is send me some money first to set-up the transfer. Once done I’ll share my millions with you” … yeah right.

The next wave in the cybercrime history timeline came in the 90’s with the advancement of web browsers. At the time there were a multitude to choose from, many more than today, and most were vulnerable to viruses.

Cyber crime really began to take off in the early 2,000’s when social media came to life. The surge of people putting all the information they could into a profile database created a flood of personal information and the rise of ID theft. Thieves used the information in a number of ways including accessing bank accounts, setting up credit cards or other financial fraud. The latest wave is the establishment of a global criminal industry totallingnearly a half-trillion dollar annually. These criminals operate in gangs, use well-established methods and target anything and everyone with a presence on the web.

ELEMENTS

Cyber criminals have always opted for an easy way to make huge amounts of money. Computers are vulnerable, so laws are required to protect and safeguard them against cyber criminals. Following are the reasons for the vulnerability of computers:-

1. Easy to access – The problem behind safeguarding a computer system from unauthorized access is that there are many possibilities of breach due to the complex technology. Hackers can steal access codes, retina images, advanced voice recorders etc. that can fool biometric systems easily and bypass firewalls and can be utilized to get past many security systems.

2. Capacity to store data in comparatively small space – The computer has the unique characteristic of storing data in a very small space. This makes it a lot easier for the people to steal data from any other storage and use it for own profit.

3. Complex – The computers run on operating systems and these operating systems are programmed of millions of codes. The human mind is imperfect, so they can do mistakes at any stage. The cyber criminals take advantage of these gaps.

4. Negligence – Negligence is one of the characteristics in human conduct. So, there may be a possibility that protecting the computer system we may make any negligence which provides a cyber-criminal the access and control over the computer system.

5. Loss of evidence – The data related to the crime can be easily destroyed. So, Loss of evidence has become a very common & obvious problem which paralyzes the system behind the investigation of cyber-crime.

UNDER WORLD COMMON LAW

Cyber criminals today, are really dangerous as they usually very smart and organised and have skills on how to escape the law enforcement agencies. Criminals these days are ready to commit any type of crime and are unscrupulous.

Major reasons for cybercrime are enlisted below:-

1. Making Quick Money- These days people want to make quick money and can stoop to any level for the same. Even bullying and then blackmailing is the easiest way to make money. Considered globally, child pornography and cyber gambling are increasing day by day.

2. Boredom Alleviation- Children these days pick up cybercrimes to alleviate their boredom, without thinking of the consequences. They think that there are no physical injuries or hurt so they can easily get away after committing such crimes.

3. Peer Pressure- Youngsters cyber bully to fit in with a group of friends. Succumbing to the peer pressure they even go against their better judgement. They are more concerned about fitting into a group rather than thinking of the consequences of cyber bullying.

4. Revenge- Statistics reveals that cyber criminals majorly have revenge as their reason to indulge in committing some kind of cybercrime. It’s easy for them to commit due to following reasons, can be committed in a jurisdiction without actually being physically present in there.

5. Sake of Recognition- Usually cyber criminals are the children or youngsters who want to be noticed among a group of big guys in society or school or surrounding. Their motive isn’t to hurt anyone in particular but just want to be idealists; who want to be in spotlight.

RELATED FAMOUS CASE LAW SUMMARY

Our sharing of personal information and reliance on online services make us all potential targets of internet crime. Following are the much discussed and reckoning cases globally that shake the cyber security.

WannaCry virus hits the NHS, 2017

The most widespread cyber-attack ever, hackers managed to gain access to the NHS' computer system in mid-2017, causes chaos among the UK's medical system. The same hacking tools were used to attack world-wide freight company FedEx and infected computers in 150 countries.Ransomware affectionately named "WannaCry" was delivered via email in the form of an attachment.Once a user clicked on the attachment, the virus was spread through their computer, locking up all of their files and demanding money before they could be accessed again.As many as 300,000 computers were infected with the virus. It was only stopped when a 22-year-old security researcher from Devon managed to find the kill switch, after the NHS had been down for a number of days.

Sony Pictures crippled by GOP hackers, 2014

In late 2014, major entertainment company Sony Pictures were hit with a crippling virus. Cyber-crime group Guardians of Peace (GOP) were behind the apparent blackmail attempt, which saw around 100 terabytes of sensitive data stolen from the company.It is largely thought that the attack was related to North Korea's disapproval of the film 'The Interview', which humorously predicted Kim Jong-un and contained a plot where main characters attempted to assassinate the head of state.US government agencies investigated the claim that North Korea had authorised the cyber-attack in an attempt to prevent the film from being released.

One billion user accounts stolen from Yahoo, 2013

In one of the largest cases of data theft in history, Yahoo had information from more than one billion user accounts stolen in 2013. Personal information including names, phone numbers, passwords and email addresses were taken from the internet giant. Yahoo claimed at the time that no bank details were taken. Releasing information of the breach in 2016, it was the second time Yahoo had been targeted by hackers, after the accounts of nearly 500 million users were accessed in 2014.

REFERNCES

https://www.thesun.co.uk/tech/4120942/five-of-the-worst-cases-of-cyber-crime-the-world-has-ever-seen-from-data-theft-of-one-billion-yahoo-users-to- crippling-the-nhs/ (last accessed on 3rd June 2018)

http://www.legalservicesindia.com/articles/cyber.htm (last accessed on 3rd June 2018)

http://www.naavi.org/pati/pati_cybercrimes_dec03.htm (last accessed on 4th June 2018)

http://www.crossdomainsolutions.com/cyber-crime/ (last accessed on 4th June 2018)

https://www.le-vpn.com/history-cyber-crime-origin-evolution/ (last accessed on 4th June 2018)