Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Act

From Advocatespedia, ASSN: 38200
Jump to navigation Jump to search

The Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Act, 1967
Emblem of India.svg
Parliament of India

Script error: No such module "collapsible list".

Citation
Territorial extent

The whole of India

Enacted by
Assented to

30 December 1967[1]

Status: In force

Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Act is an Indian law aimed at effective prevention of unlawful activities associations in India. Its main objective was to make powers available for dealing with activities directed against the integrity and sovereignty of India.[1]

The National Integration Council appointed a Committee on National Integration and Regionalisation to look into, the aspect of putting reasonable restrictions in the interests of the sovereignty and integrity of India. Pursuant to the acceptance of recommendations of the Committee, the Constitution (Sixteenth Amendment) Act, 1963 was enacted to impose, by law, reasonable restrictions in the interests of the sovereignty and integrity of India. In order to implement the provisions of 1963 Act, the Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Bill was introduced in the Parliament.[2]

History

Pursuant to the acceptance by Government of a unanimous recommendation of the Committee on National Integration and Regionalism appointed by the National Integration Council, the Constitution (Sixteenth Amendment) Act, 1963, was enacted empowering Parliament to impose, by law, reasonable restrictions in the interests of sovereignty and integrity of India, on the:

  1. Freedom of Speech and Expression;
  2. Right to Assemble peaceably and without arms; and
  3. Right to Form Associations or Unions.

The object of this bill was to make powers available for dealing with activities directed against the integrity and sovereignty of India. The bill was passed by both the Houses of Parliament and received the assent of the President on 30 December 1967. The Amending Acts are as follows:

  1. The Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Amendment Act, 1967[3]
  2. The Criminal Law (Amendment) Act, 1972
  3. The Delegated Legislation Provisions (Amendment) Act, 1986
  4. The Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Amendment Act, 2004
  5. The Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Amendment Act, 2008
  6. The Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Amendment Act, 2012[4]
  7. The Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Amendment Act, 2019[5]

This last Amendment was enacted after POTA was withdrawn by the Parliament. However, in the Amendment Act in 2004, most of provisions of POTA were re-incorporated. In 2008, after Mumbai attacks, it was further strengthened. The most recent amendment has been done in 2019. According to the statement of objects and reasons, the Bill amends the Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Act, 1967 to make it more effective in preventing unlawful activities, and meet commitments made at the Financial Action Task Force (an intergovernmental organisation to combat money laundering and terrorism financing).[6]

Notable arrests made under the Act

See also

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 "UAPA, 1967 at NIA.gov.in" (PDF). NIA. Retrieved 28 December 2012.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  2. "The Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Act" (PDF). Nia.gov.in.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  3. "The unlawful activities (prevention) Act, 1967" (PDF). Retrieved 12 February 2020.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  4. "The Unlawful Activities Prevention (Amendment) Act, 2012" (PDF). Government of India. Retrieved 11 January 2017.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  5. "The Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Amendment Bill, 2019" (PDF). Retrieved 12 February 2020.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  6. "PRS | Bill Track | The Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Amendment Bill, 2011". www.prsindia.org. 29 December 2011. Retrieved 15 August 2016.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  7. "Ghandy let off terror charge after police error two years after initial arrest". Mail Online. 28 March 2012. Retrieved 23 July 2019.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  8. Aman Sethi (24 December 2010). "Life term for Binayak Sen". The Hindu. Retrieved 14 September 2017.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  9. Dec 19, TNN | Updated; 2014; Ist, 2:57. "Who is Mehdi Masroor Biswas? | India News - Times of India". The Times of India. Retrieved 23 July 2019.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  10. "City court acquits man held under UAPA after 7 years". timesofindia.indiatimes.com. 19 July 2016. Retrieved 14 September 2017.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  11. R.sivaraman (9 August 2018). "May 17 Movement leader Thirumurugan Gandhi held in Bengaluru on charges of sedition". The Hindu. ISSN 0971-751X. Retrieved 23 July 2019.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  12. "Kerala: 2 CPI(M) activists held for alleged links with Maoists". India Today. Retrieved 12 February 2020.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>

External links