Difference between revisions of "ORGAN TRAFFICKING"

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Latest revision as of 21:20, 2 August 2020

Organ trafficking is one of the most lucrative global illicit trade. It is a deadliest crime, which not only mugs human beings of their healthy life but also treat human body to the worth of an object.

This form of illicit trade generally include the organ transplant of lungs, heart and liver, which is done via trafficked organs but the most prominent organs that are traded illicitly are kidneys.

Organ trafficking is found on the ground of low supply and high demand of organ transplantation. Unable to obtain a perfect match at home for transplantation, patients buy the organ and have it transplanted. Organ transplantation appears to be an increasing international demand in developing countries.

As a consequence of which organ brokers lure poor, uneducated individuals into this trap of trafficking through the promise of financial gain and a better future.The vulnerable victims are not often even necessarily properly screened for their qualification to be a healthy donor in the requirement of the organ transplantation.

Financial exploitation plays an indispensable role in both sides of this scenario.Organ traffickers profit in the shadows of the needy, while their destructive medical footprint is the only thing which is felt for the lifetime as a sufferer. It leaves vulnerable populations of the unwilling donors as a severe exploitation and a lifetime of health consequences.

The fact that selling of organs is banned almost in every country around the world, but the organ trade typically takes place in all of these developing countries whose hospitals are advanced enough to offer transplant services. It all started with India in 1980’s followed by China, Pakistan, Philippines, Egypt for preying over the victims. While the transplantation is done in Turkey, Kosovo, South Africa and other sites. The patients are usually from rich countries of East Asia (e.g., Japan and Taiwan), and Middle East (e.g., Saudi Arabia and Israel), as well as the United States and Western Europe. It is also true that Iran is an only country that doesn’t suffer from organ shortage as it is also an only country that doesn’t ban organ sales.It all seems mighty and unsavory.

There are various cases which are emerging where an organ donor may have been a victim of sex trafficking and/or labor trafficking as well as a victim of organ trafficking, building it a multi-level empire of exploitation. Here the term “transplant tourism” is often utilized in describing this crime of organ trafficking where actual coercion is used.

Such cross-border form of organ trafficking, where traveling for transplantation involves organ trafficking and/or transplant commercialism or if the resources (organs, professionals and transplant centers) devoted to providing transplantation to patients outside the country undermine the country’s ability to provide transplantation services for its own population is defined as “transplant tourism”.

The major difficulty which arises in this malpractice of organ trafficking is the participation of the medical professionals in maintaining this illegal industry. Doctors, nurses, ambulance driver, and the entire hospital staff participate in this illegal organ harvesting and transplanting of the organs. Not only the medical industry but the travel agents, insurance agents, and faith-based organizations that call on “organ hunters” also act as major players in upholding this illegal business.

Libertarians indeed raise the question and argue that legal organ sales are an expression of individual liberty. Which allow many patients to regain their health while benefiting low-income individuals for their financially stability. On the ethical view point human organs are not a commodity to be bought and sold. This trade is inherently exploitative, as the poor and vulnerable member of the society are the victims of it. Moreover a small fraction of amount is typically paid by the patient where as the organ donor in fact suffers a lot mentally emotionally, physically and financially for the rest of life.

It is easy to curb organ trafficking than other illicit trading. But the Government are sometimes reluctant to curb all these illicit activities that are economically heavily influenced. While legal provisions prohibit such type of activity. Law enforcement often make a little effort to eliminate organ trafficking.

The notion of buying sex — prostitution — meets widespread disapproval, many people still accept the buying of organs as a legitimate solution for the shortage of organs for transplantation. As a result of which the extent of organ trafficking is still unknown and such transplants are performed annually without any fear or restriction.

One step forward is taken by the declaration of Istanbul by implementing Trafficking and Transplant Tourism which was developed in 2008 to curb the international trade of organs known as “transplant tourism”. The World Health Organization estimate 10% of the global organ transplantation are currently met.

This declaration helps to gather reports and bring out the illegal trading of organs in the attention of the relevant authorities. Egypt, Pakistan and India have implemented new laws prohibiting organ trade over the past five years. Financial supports have been removed for the patients receiving transplant in abroad in Malaysia and Israel. Despite of all these attempts new black market’s have emerged in order to replace those temporarily shut.

A responsible solution is being enforced by World Health Organization that • Better system should be developed for deceased organ donation. • Altruistic living kidney donation should be encouraged. • Needs for transplanting should be prevented by treating diseases that leads to organ failure. • Implementing strict laws that prohibit organ trading and trafficking

Awareness regarding organ donation needs to be spread so people can donate their organs after death and the supply will be able to meet the demand. Henceforth this will ensure no organ trafficking happens. Moreover, people must also be made aware of the consequences and danger involved in organ trafficking so they can be better prepared.

Every country must take responsibility for meeting their own transplant needs by pursuing self-sufficiency to achieve all these goal in eliminating organ trafficking. A vigorous implementation of laws needs to be done by the government. Awareness regarding this type of trap should be given from the ground level and tough enforcement should be done to help in abolishing the organ trade.